Aborigin

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  • Topic: Malaysia, Orang Asli, Aslian languages
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Orang Asli
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Orang Asli|
|
Orang Asli near Cameron Highlands playing anose flute.|
Total population|
149,512[1]|
Regions with significant populations|
 Malaysia|
Languages|
Aslian languages (Austro-Asiatic)
Aboriginal Malay languages (Austronesian)|
Religion|
Animism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism|
Related ethnic groups|
Semang, Senoi, and Proto Malay|
Orang Asli (lit. "original people", "natural people" or "aboriginal people" in Malay), is a generic Malaysian term used officially forindigenous or known as Orang Asal in Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia. Officially, there are 18 Orang Asli tribes, categorised under three main groups according to their different languages and customs: * Semang (or Negrito), generally confined to the northern portion of the peninsula * Senoi, residing in the central region

* Proto-Malay (or Aboriginal Malay), in the southern region. There is an Orang Asli museum at Gombak, about 25 km north of Kuala Lumpur. Contents  [hide]  * 1 History * 2 Slavery * 3 Economy * 4 Demography * 5 Languages * 6 Lifestyle and religion * 7 Negritos of Peninsular Malaysia * 8 Social and legal status * 9 Notes and references * 9.1 Other references * 10 External links| -------------------------------------------------

[edit]History
Orang Asli kept to themselves until the first traders from India arrived in first millennium AD.[2] Living in the interior they bartered inland products like resins, incense woods and feathers for salt, cloth and iron tools. The rise of the Malay sultanates, coinciding with trade in Orang Asli slaves, forced the group to retreat further inland to avoid contact with outsiders. The arrival of British colonists brought further inroads in the lives of Orang Asli. They were the target of Christian missionary and subjects of anthropological research.[3] During the Malayan Emergency of 1948 to 1960, the Orang Asli became a vital component of national security, as with their help, the Malayan army was able to defeat the communist insurgents. Two administrative initiatives were introduced to highlight the importance of Orang Asli as well to protect its identity. The initiatives were the establishment of the Department of Aborigines in 1950, and the enactment of the Aboriginal Peoples Ordinance in 1954. After independence, the development of Orang Asli become the prime objective of the government where the government adopted a policy in 1961 to integrate the Orang Asli into the wider Malaysian society.[3] Within the decades of 1970s and 1980s, Malaysia was in the period of sustained growth. With development that emphasize modernization and industrialization, new lands were developed. This development has resulted in encroachments on Orang Asli land. In response of this encroachment, the Orang Asli mobilized themselves and formed the Peninsular Malaysia Orang Asli Association (POASM). With this association, the Orang Asli have become more visible and vocal. Orang Asli are now known as "Orang Kita" ('our people') since Dato' Seri Mohd. Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak introduced the "One Malaysia" concept[3] -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Slavery
Slave raids into Orang Asli settlements were quite common feature back in the 18th and 19th centuries. These slave-raiders were mainly local Malays and Bataks, who considered the Orang Asli as 'kafirs', 'non-humans', 'savages' and 'jungle-beasts.'[citation needed] The modus operandi was basically to swoop down a settlement and then kill off all the adult men. Women and children were captured alive as they are 'easier to tame.' The captives Orang Asli slaves were sold off or given to local rulers and chieftains to gain their favour. Slaves trade soon developed and even continued into the present century despite the official abolition of all forms of slavery in 1884....
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