Bahasa Malaysia, the national language has been the medium of instruction for about 20 years; however in January 2003 Malaysia re-adopted the English language as a medium of instruction for science and mathematics in a move to keep abreast with scientific and technological development that is mostly recorded in the English language. At the same time, this move is envisaged to provide opportunities for students to use the English language and therefore increase their proficiency in the language. This change in policy is congruent to significant developments and understandings in second language acquisition that emphasize the role of meaningful, understandable input. As a former school student, I totally disagree with this policy because with the changes of a medium of instruction to English, some students do have problems in learning mathematics. The problems arise from this policy includes challenges to the teachers to promote better efficiency of teaching, difficulties experienced by student due complication of these two subjects and also problem faced by the student due to sudden change of learning medium.

Firstly, this move will challenge the science and mathematics teachers to work wisely in teaching and learning. Teachers who were resistant to the idea initially were ‘rushing’ to be trained in order to qualify for the incentive. Many of these were senior teachers who were skeptical of the change. They felt that the idea had little chance of success. Normally, students’ conceptions of prior experience and knowledge influence students’ learning in science and mathematics. For an example, a teacher from Kuala Lumpur whose about to retire in 3 years felt insulted because he is being force to attend training course for teaching these subjects in English, which is time consuming. As a matter of fact, I believe the teacher should be given a chance to share their own reflection towards this policy, because the teacher is more influencing in a student’s...

...Should Mathematics and Science be taught in EnglishEnglish, by any standard, is a dominant language of the developed world. It is now a medium of instruction in the world and should be taught in Mathematics and Science subject. The implementation of English in science and mathematics in school is essential due to the use of the English language globally. However, teachers who are incompetent in English will have difficulties with the change of language used in the subject and teaching school subjects in the local language enhances understanding for learners as well as paves the way for more potential natural development. Contributing to English’s status as the world’s most common second language is that it allows students to play on global platform, have career advantages and easier information access.
Teachers will face difficulties in the change of language in school subjects especially for those who are incompetent in English. The Malaysian government declared to execute a new policy in the national education system in 2002 which is to implement the English language in schools for teaching of Mathematics, Science and technology subjects. The Malay language was formerly used as a language of instruction in these subjects (Ong and May 2008, 142). This act has...

...Assignment is 3.30 pm (EC time) on Wednesday
November 5th, 2014.
Question 1 - Inequalities
A company makes two types of space-savers, english and italian. Each english type
requires 3 hours, 2 hours, and 2 hours, while each italian requires 2 hours, 1 hour, and
4 hours for cutting, assembling, finishing respectively.
The company has 300 hours available for cutting, 240 hours for assembling and
120 hours finishing . Each english type earns $85 in profit while the italian type earns $75.
a. If you are required to find the combinations of both types of space-savers that will
[6 mks]
maximize profits, list the inequalities that would be necessarry.
Let x be number of english type space-savers made and sold
Let y be number of italian type space-savers made and sold
3x + 2y ≤ 300
2x + y ≤ 240
2x + 4y ≤ 120
x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0
b. From a graph of the inequalities in part 𝑎. , − 𝐲𝐨𝐮 𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐧𝐨𝐭 𝐫𝐞𝐪𝐮𝐢𝐫𝐞𝐝 𝐭𝐨 𝐬𝐮𝐛𝐦𝐢𝐭 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐠𝐫𝐚𝐩𝐡
[6 mks]
𝐢𝐧 𝐲𝐨𝐮𝐫 𝐚𝐧𝐬𝐰𝐞𝐫𝐬 − list the vertices of the solution set.
The vertices of the solution set will be (0,0); (0,30); (60,0)
c.
Which of the combinations of the two types of space-savers will maximize profits?
[2 mks]
P = 85x + 75y
𝐴𝑡 (0,0); P = 85(0) + 75(0) = $0
𝐴𝑡 (0,30);
P = 85(0) + 75(30) = $2250
At (60,0); P = 85(60) + 75(0) = $5100
At (60,0) profits are maximised , produce 60 english type and no italian type.
d.
How much will be the maximum profit?
[2 mks]
$5100
Question 2 - Matrices
A...

...What is Computer Sciences all about? Well Computer Sciences is a very big field to study. Some of the main branches include Origins, Foundations, programming, Arithmetic’s, Computer Engineering, Coding and much more. Also one of the common programming languages is C++ programming which was created by Bjarne Stroustrup’s. Seeming how Computer Sciences is a very big field we will talk about the main parts of it.
“Computer Science, the study of the ways computers are utilized both to collect and to disseminate information. The discipline of computing has been characterized by the Association for Computing Machinery as “the systematic study of algorithmic processes-their theory, analysis, design, efficiency, implementation, and application-that describe and transform information.”” (Denning 1). The roots of computing has been traced back many centuries and extend deeply into the fields of mathematics, science, and engineering. Computing and mathematics, and combining all this for engineering has been done for thousands of years. For example back in roman times they would use a lot of pulley and lever systems to move large objects very often this of course requires them to be very skilled in mathematics to correctly distribute the weight. Also it dates back to Greek scientists tracking the stars as well. These scientist made machines that can perform simple math...

...SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS INSTRUCTION IN PHILIPPINE EDUCATION CURRICULUM
Alazada, Noreen Dianne Sanga
Bachelor of Science in Development Communication
Education 102 Section U
March 17, 2011
INTRODUCTION
When the researcher entered the College of Development Communication two years ago, there are many instances that the decline in the proficiency of Filipino students in Mathematics and Science examinations all over the countries in Asia was mentioned by the professors. “Filipino students have low level of scientific and mathematics literacy. A large percentage cannot apply concepts to real life.” (UP NISMED Scientific, Technological, and Environmental Literacy Study, 2005). Further in this paper, the goals and objectives of Mathematics and Science teaching will be discussed.
What has been a former forte of Filipino youth then was not much of an excellent subject for the youth of today because of this decline in the result of nationwide literacy exams on Mathematics and Science. It is no doubt that there are students who have difficulty in these two subjects, even the researcher for herself have problems understanding Mathematics subjects like Algebra and Geometry but excels more on Science subjects like Biology and other Natural Science subjects.
Now let us look into what is...

...the integration of mathematics and science and its effects on students and teachers alike. An explanation will also be presented as to why this approach to instruction and learning is considered to the best approach for increasing student motivation and achievement. It is believed that integration of mathematics and science makes provision for the development of problem-solving skills in students. Therefore, students will gain a better understanding of and attitude towards both disciplines.
First Article Reflection and Reaction
Integrating Science and Mathematics Education: Historical Analysis was a very informative article which addressed the historical background for the integration of science and mathematics teaching and learning. In this article the authors presented the increased need for improved teacher preparation, a greater emphasis being placed on integration at the secondary level, and finally, the fact that more research grounded in these theoretical models is need in the 21st century.
As a result of the national education reform, many national professional associations and technology education associations have united in their support of the integration of mathematics and science instruction and learning. As cited by Berlin and Lee (2005), “The science program should be coordinated with the...

...Integrating Science and Mathematics
Many educators from around the United States have began to support and understand the connection between math and sciences and how important it is to integrate the two in their classroom lesson plans. These teachers understand how integrating math and science
This can create great efficiency in their teaching method. The educator are teaching the two subject with the understanding that their student’s real life is not divided into subjects, so how will this effect the way their students learn best. Would separation be seen as the artificial divisions that students are given in school? Does the separation have a negatively affect on their student’s efficiency. Math and science for years have been taught separate knowing how to employ the integration of math and science is not always an easy task for educators to connect. Once the educator understands their students’ point of view and follows them this is the key to integrating math and science this will allow the students to solve problems and think critically. Educators have to provide quality to ensure students’ level of learning and understanding, the methods that the teachers use in their teaching strategies is highly dependent upon their students’ knowledge and application in the classroom. Teachers need to in preparing their students of today for a successful tomorrow...

...TEACHING SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND TECHNOLOGY
Teaching Should Be Consistent With the Nature of Scientific Inquiry
Science, mathematics, and technology are defined as much by what they do and how they do it as they are by the results they achieve. To understand them as ways of thinking and doing, as well as bodies of knowledge, requires that students have some experience with the kinds of thought and action that are typical of those fields. Teachers, therefore, should do the following:
Start With Questions About Nature
Sound teaching usually begins with questions and phenomena that are interesting and familiar to students, not with abstractions or phenomena outside their range of perception, understanding, or knowledge. Students need to get acquainted with the things around them—including devices, organisms, materials, shapes, and numbers—and to observe them, collect them, handle them, describe them, become puzzled by them, ask questions about them, argue about them, and then to try to find answers to their questions.
Engage Students Actively
Students need to have many and varied opportunities for collecting, sorting and cataloging; observing, note taking and sketching; interviewing, polling, and surveying; and using hand lenses, microscopes, thermometers, cameras, and other common instruments. They should dissect; measure, count, graph, and compute; explore the chemical properties of common...

...Teaching mathematics and science in English in Malaysian classrooms: The impact of teacher beliefs on classroom practices and student learning.
By : May Tan and Ong Saw Lan
Overview
In 2003, after more than thirty years of using Bahasa Malaysia (BM) as the medium of instruction for all subjects, the Malaysian educational system switched to using English to teach Mathematics and the Sciences in its schools. This new policy is known by its BM acronym, PPSMI. To ease transition, bilingual high-stakes exit exams are being used as an accommodation measure, with the objective of eventually having English-only exams. This paper examines the perceptions and beliefs of upper secondary Math and Science teachers (MST) whose students are the first and second cohorts to learn Mathematics and Science in English. Results from surveys, teacher interviews and classroom observations illustrate how MST perceptions and beliefs influence classroom practices. The data shows that exam policy, teacher perceptions and their beliefs interact to encourage the use of translation and an emphasis on keywords during teaching. These practices enhance the learning of academically and linguistically strong students but negatively impact the content and language development of weaker students. These methods may also increase the content...

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