Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper
In this paper we will define, and discuss the differences in what is normal and abnormal in psychology, and compare them with one another. We will also examine mental disorders and illnesses from the perspective view of clinical psychology. Finally, we will complete the paper with findings on the similarities and differences among select therapies for a couple of different psychological schools of thought for treating a variety of mental disorders.
Psychology is the scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior (Kowalski &Westen, 2011). Psychology and abnormal psychology are similar in that they both investigate behaviors and mental processes no matter if they are considered normal or abnormal. Normal psychology described as being in the norm. Normal psychology is the study of behaviors that meet specific guidelines that are in a normal range and mental processing is not affected. Normal psychology refers to people that have no irregular behavior or psychological disorders. Abnormal psychology researches abnormal behaviors and mental processes. The behaviors may interfere with a person being able to go about daily life or be socially inclined. They see things differently. Abnormal psychology uses cognitive or behavioral perspectives. Cognitive perspective uses therapy or treatment that helps people change their thoughts or reactions. Behavioral therapy observes and focuses on reinforcing positive behavior. Medical perspective, which focuses on the biological reasons for mental illness may also be used to explain abnormalities. It includes research of genetic inheritance, chemical imbalances, and infections. Individuals have to take out the thoughts of different cultural norms to decide what is normal and abnormal when it comes to behaviors and the way an individual mentally processes things. Bipolar Disorder
According to the DSM-IV Bipolar disorder falls into four categories including Bipolar I, Bipolar II, Cyclothymic, and Bipolar unspecified. Bipolar I classification is the most intense level with periods of mania followed by major depressive episodes. Bipolar II, similar to Bipolar I, has less intense symptoms. Bipolar II manifests as recurrent depressive and hypomanic episodes. Cyclothymic depicts alternating of mild hypomania and depressive episodes that to do not met the criteria for major depression. Unspecified Bipolar does not fit the classification of Bipolar, but does include features of the disorder Muller-Oerlinghausen, Berghofer, & Bauer (2002).
Bipolar features include periods of manic and heightened depressive episodes.. Patients have stated thoughts are scattered with racing thoughts and are overly talkative (Kowalski & Westen 2011). Following the maniac phase, the effected individual will crash into a severe Depressive state. Roughly, 10-20% of individuals with the disorder will either attempt or successfully commit suicide. Because of the increased risk of suicide in individuals with Bipolar, lifetime pharmacology is indicated. In the past, psychotherapy was the primary treatment for Bipolar disorder. Today, the typical treatment for this disorder is Lithium use in conjunction with psychotherapy Muller-Oerlinghausen, Berghofer, & Bauer (2002). Lithium effectiveness is a gradual process, as this medication slow builds within the body. With Lithium, in particular a titration method is most effect in an effort to prevent unfavorable side effects of rebound and suicide risk associated with rapid withdrawal (Kowalski & Westen 2011).
Are you always washing your hands? Perhaps you are constantly locking and unlocking doors. Maybe you experience extreme anxiety when something does not seem right to you. Are these actions or behaviors taking over your life? Is it a constant struggle to complete tasks because of these thoughts and behaviors? It...
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