The following paper includes such topics of normal and abnormal psychology. Discussed with these topics are definitions of each as well as the similarities and differences between them both. Included here also is a discussion and explanation of two mental disorders and two mental illnesses all taken from the psychology perspective. As the reader will see, normal and abnormal psychology as well as the mental disorders and illnesses are common issues that could happen to any person or affect any family at any time. In addition to learning about the disorders and illnesses the reader will also learn about possible therapies for treating these mental disorders and illnesses. Mental disorders and mental illnesses objectively studied by each school of thought; the therapies suggested by each school of thought are different. Therefore, the similarities and differences between the proposed treatments from each psychological school of thought are used, to discover the most effective measures for diagnosing and treating abnormal psychology.
Compare and Contrast Normal and Abnormal Psychology Abnormal psychology (2010), according to Merriam-Webster, is a branch of psychology concerned with mental and emotional disorders. Abnormal psychology focuses on the four D’s that determine normal and abnormal behavior: deviance, distress, dysfunction, and danger. Individuals that follow the norms of society and standards of behavior are normal, to those who deviate are abnormal. Someone with schizophrenia cannot think or behave normally; considered to have a dysfunction and often a danger to self or others in society. All behavior, normal or abnormal show signs of deviance, distress, dysfunction, and danger. Every society has their own standard of what they see as “madness,” and what a society conveys as normal and abnormal changes constantly. When societies compare normal to abnormal, they look at typical “normal” behavior, and atypical “abnormal” behavior. Typical behavior is not out of the ordinary and fit for society. Atypical behavior is unusual behavior that society sees as abnormal. Social influence will always be part of behavior, as society will always set standards to what is normal and abnormal behavior. Examine at Least Two Mental Disorders and Two Mental Illnesses Mental illness is the psychological state of someone who has emotional or behavioral problems serious enough to seek psychiatric help. A Mental Disorder is a psychological disorder of emotion or thought. Mental disorders and mental illnesses relate closely with each other. They are medical conditions that disrupt a person’s feelings, thinking, daily functions, and his or her ability to relate to others. We will explore the mental illnesses Dementia and Bipolar, and the mental disorders of avoidant and dependent personalities. Dementia is a loss of brain function that affects thinking, memory, behavior, language, and judgment. This disorder causes difficulties in mental functioning. Dementia first appears as forgetfulness; later Mild Cognitive Impairment sets in. Mild cognitive impairment is the period between normal forgetfulness and the development of dementia. Early symptoms of dementia are misplacing items, not remembering familiar routes, a loss of interest in enjoyable activities and personality changes. As the illness worsens, it interferes with basic living activities such as eating, bathing, and dressing. People with severe dementia also have trouble recognizing family members, and they can no longer understand language. Dementia is an irreversible condition. Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, is a medical condition that causes psychological problems that affect daily functioning. The major symptom in this disease is extreme mood swings or depression. These emotional extremes are beyond normal responses to certain events....
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