May 29, 2010
Abnormal behavior is classified into several major theories. The major theories related to abnormal behavior describes the various characteristics of abnormal behavior. There are specific behavioral issues as they relate to abnormal behavior and behavior patterns. The V Axes diagnosis is the indebt classification system used to classify abnormal behavior. This system also serves as the guidelines in the treatment of abnormal behavior. Abnormal behavior can be treated and controlled with the assistance of proper treatment and detection. There are many definitions that pertain to abnormal behavior. Most definitions describe abnormal behavior as any behavior deem contrary to normal behavior. The most common criterion for defining abnormality, however, is mal-adaptive behavior. There are two aspects of maladaptive behavior: Maladaptive to one's self - inability to reach goals, to adapt to the demands of life and Maladaptive to society - interferes, disrupts social group functioning (Clarkin). Each culture has its own established set of social, intellectual, adaptive, and emotional norms and any behavior that deviates from these normal are considered to be abnormal behavior. There are several theories of personality: psychodynamic, behavioral-cognitive, social-cultural, and humanistic are some of the theories that are use to aid in defining and the treating of abnormal behavior (Clarkin). Each theory of personality holds an idea or definition of what is abnormal. These theories although they differ in their approach to abnormal behavior focus on a particular aspect of this behavior in order to define their theoretical approach to this behavior. In all theories of abnormal behavior, psychological disorders are classified according to the symptoms involved. Psychologists have adopted their theories and their approach to abnormal behavior using various schools of thought and these approaches differ on from another. Psychodynamic Theory is one of the oldest theories in psychology in which patients are treated are viewed within a model of illness that attempts to identify something that may be lacking. Each individual is perceived to be made up from a dynamic that begins in early childhood and continually progresses throughout life. Psychodynamic Theory is based on the premise that human behavior and relationships are shaped by conscious and unconscious influences (Clarkin). Psychodynamic psychotherapy is classically indicated in the treatment of unresolved conflicts in early life, as might be found in non-psychotic and personality disorders, but to date there is a lack of convincing evidence concerning its superiority over other forms of treatment. Cognitive-behavioral theories are best conceptualized as a general category of theories, or a set of related theories, which have evolved from the theoretical writings, clinical experiences, and empirical studies of behavioral and cognitively oriented psychologists (Slavin). There is no single definition of cognitive-behavioral theory. The individual theories are tied together by common assumptions, techniques and research strategies, but maintain a diversity of views about the role cognitions play in behavior change (Slavin). The hyphenated term "cognitive-behavioral" reflects the importance of both behavioral and cognitive approaches to understanding and helping human beings. The hyphen brings together behavioral and cognitive theoretical views, each with its own theoretical assumptions and intervention strategies. Cognitive-behavioral interventions target both cognitive and behavioral problems using a full integration of cognitive and behavioral strategies. Cognitive-behavioral research is based on observed changes in behavior and cognition with methodological...