aathens and sparta

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 61
  • Published : October 6, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
The Compare and Contrast of Athens and Sparta
Gregory Smith pd.1
8/29/13
AthensSparta
About:
The capital and largest city of Greece.
Known in Greek as Sparti. The city lies at the southern end of the central Laconian plain, on the right bank of the Eurotas River. Country:
Greece
Greece
Population (Modern):
3,761,811
18,184
Population (Ancient):
140,000
100,000
Region:
Attica
Laconia
Climate:
Mediterranean climate.
Fairly temperate but very dry.
Economy (Modern):
Dependent on agriculture and tourism.
Dependent on agriculture and Trade.
Economy (Ancient):
Dependent on trade and agriculture
Dependent on agriculture
Culture (Modern):
Cosmopolitan
Isolated and laid back.
Culture (Ancient):
Forward looking
Laid back
Military:
not as military based, as military service was optional
mandatory military service
Outlook (Ancient):
Democratic
Oligarchic
Ancestry:
Ionian Descent
Descendants of the Dorian invaders
Latitude:
37 58'
37 4'
Longitude:
N 23 43' E
N 22 26' E
Time zone:
EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)The historical period of ancient Greece is unique in world history as the first period attested directly in proper historiography, while earlier ancient history or proto-history is known by much more circumstantial evidence, such as annals or king lists, and pragmatic epigraphy.

Herodotus is widely known as the "father of history": his Histories are eponymous of the entire field. Written between the 450s and 420s BC, Herodotus' work reaches about a century into the past, discussing 6th century historical figures such as Darius I of Persia, Cambyses II and Psamtik III, and alluding to some 8th century ones such as Candaules.

Herodotus was succeeded by authors such as Thucydides, Xenophon, Demosthenes, Plato and Aristotle. Most of these authors were either Athenians or pro-Athenians, which is why far more is known about the history and politics of Athens than those of many other cities. Their scope is further...
tracking img