Aaron Beck

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Section 1
Abstract Biography
Aaron T. Beck

Aaron T. Beck (July 18, 1921) was born in Providence,
Rhode Island USA, the youngest child of four siblings.
Beck attended Brown University, graduating magna cum
laude in 1942, then attended Yale Medical School,
graduating with an M.D. in 1946. He is an American
psychiatrist and a professor emeritus in the department
of psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania. Beck
developed cognitive therapy in the early 1960s, he is
widely regarded as the father of cognitive therapy,and his
pioneering theories are widely used in the treatment of clinical
depression. Beck also developed self-report measures of
depression and anxiety including Beck Depression Inventory
(BDI), Beck Hopelessness Scale, Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation
(BSS), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Beck Youth Inventories.
He is the President Emeritus of the Beck Inst and the Honorary
President of the Academy of Cognitive Therapy, which certifies
qualified cognitive therapists.
Beck's daughter, Judith S. Beck, is also a researcher in the field of
cognitive therapy and President of the Beck Institute. She is
married with four children, Roy, Judy, Dan, and Alice. He has
nine grandchildren.

Section 2
Question #1
Beck developed cognitive therapy in the early 1960s. He had
previously studied and practiced psychoanalysis. Beck
designed and carried out a numberof experiments to
test psychoanalytic concepts of depression.Fully expecting
research would validate these fundamental precepts,
he was surprised to find the opposite. This research
led him to begin to look for other ways of conceptualizing
depression. Working with depressed patients, he found that
they experienced streams of negative thoughts that seemed
to pop up spontaneously. He termed these cognitions
“automatic thoughts,” and discovered that their content fell
into three...
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