What are the characteristics of the Renaissance are reflected in its art?
These are the characteristics of Renaissance art:-
Classicism: The artists of the early renaissance period believed that the art can't remain static; it should develop and move forward. For this, Roman and Greek classical styles in art, literature and architecture were studied. The artists of early renaissance examined the light, color and space techniques used by the ancient Greek and Roman artists. They used the successful creative processes of the ancient period artists to create a new and modern art form. The ancient past was now viewed as past, to be admired and imitated, but not to be revived. It asserted the classical style based on measure and proportion. Paintings shows reference to ancient Greece (mythological figures), Rome (especially architecture structures) and as well as Christianity (biblical figures) etc.
Humanism: The faith in human intelligence and rationality, the reverence for inherent human beauty, the belief in human perfectibility, and the glorification of the human spirit. This is shown by the idealisation of the human body, mind, and spirit in nude human form, emotional facial expressions, dramatic human settings, etc. The high Renaissance period focus on painting human anatomy for example, Michelangelo carved the statue of Moses, he included veins and muscles in the arms and legs. Another example is the "Vitruvian Man" painted by Leonardo Da Vinci, which studies the ideal proportions of a male figure. High Renaissance art focused on portraying the humans in their most natural form. Nudes were painted beautifully and aesthetically. Artists perfected the art of facial expressions. Leonardo Da Vinci's "Mona Lisa" and the "Last Supper" are a good example of this. These artists advocated the philosophy of Humanism through their art works. Humanists believed that humanity is unparalleled as it connects the mortal world with... [continues]
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