Introduction All industries are made up of people and function through people,
without people no industries exist. The resources for men, material and machinery are collected, co-coordinated and utilized through people. Human resource by themselves fulfill the objectives of an industries, they need to be united into a team. it is through the combined effects of people that material and monetary resource are effectively utilized for the attainment of common objectives without unity of no industry can achieve its goal. According to Urwick. L.F., “Business houses are made broken in the long run not by market, capital, patents or equipment but by men” Of all the resource, manpower is the only resource, which does not depreciate with the passage of time. Hence it is the duty of every employer to safeguard the resource because without human resource no industrial unit can survive. In every industrial unit the human resource requires some basic facilities inside the premises to perform the job properly. These basic facilities are termed as welfare measures in the Factories act 1948. The need for adoption of welfare measures as a means to increase the workers productive efficiency, to keep up these moral and for the maintain of
industrial peace which has then realized by all section of the society. The main objectives of this provision are to provide basic welfare amenities to the workers, while working in the factories. Provision relating to welfare of the factory workers has been numbered in Section 42 to Section 50 of the factories act 1948. The welfare measures according to the Factories act 1948 are as follows 1. Washing facilities In every factory adequate and suitable facilities for washing shall be provided and maintained for the use of workers, Separate and adequately screened facilities shall be provided for the male and female workers. Such facilities shall be easily accessible and shall be kept clean. The... [continues]
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