ISBN 978-81-7450-850-8 First Edition September 2008 PD 5T SPA © National Council of Educational Research and Training, 2008 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
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The National Curriculum Framework (NCF) – 2005 initiated a new phase of development of syllabi and textbooks for all stages of school education. Conscious effort has been made to discourage rote learning and to diffuse sharp boundaries between different subject areas. This is well in tune with the NPE – 1986 and Learning Without Burden1993 that recommend child centred system of education. The textbooks for Classes IX and XI were released in 2006 and for Classes X and XII in 2007. Overall the books have been well received by students and teachers. NCF–2005 notes that treating the prescribed textbooks as the sole basis of examination is one of the key reasons why other resources and sites of learning are ignored. It further reiterates that the methods used for teaching and evaluation will also determine how effective these textbooks proves for making children’s life at school a happy experience, rather than source of stress or boredom. It calls for reform in examination system currently prevailing in the country. The position papers of the National Focus Groups on Teaching of Science, Teaching of Mathematics and Examination Reform envisage that the mathematics question papers, set in annual examinations conducted by the various Boards do not really assess genuine understanding of the subjects. The quality of questions papers is often not up to the mark. They usually seek mere information based on rote memorization, and fail to test higher-order skills like reasoning and analysis, let along lateral thinking, creativity, and judgment. Good unconventional questions, challenging problems and experiment-based problems rarely find a place in question papers. In order to address to the issue, and also to provide additional learning material, the Department of Education in Science and Mathematics (DESM) has made an attempt to develop resource book of exemplar problems in different subjects at secondary and higher-secondary stages. Each resource book contains different types of questions of varying difficulty level. Some questions would require the students to apply simultaneously understanding of more than one chapters/units. These...