Mtv Goes Global - International Business
MTV GOES GLOBAL , WITH A LOCAL ACCENT
This case talks about how MTV Networks has become a symbol of Globalization. The US based music TV network which was established in 1981 started its international expansion in 1987 with MTV Europe. After its initial failure it has adopted various International strategies and controls at the right time to regain its lost popularity, especially in non-English speaking countries like Asia and Europe. The strategy which has worked for MTV has been its LOCALIZATION STRATEGY which is to ‘get inside the heads’ of the local population and produce programming that matches their tastes and preferences. This strategy has been a big success which has helped MTV gain a combined viewership of 321 million households in 140 countries by 2004. In India the ratings increased by more than 700 per cent in 4 years (1996-2000). Localization has helped MTV to capture the advertising revenues from the multinational giants such as Coca- Cola as this company’s multinational budgets is determined locally. Advertising is the main revenue generator this industry. In Europe it gets its 70 per cent advertising revenues from local spots which was earlier 15 per cent in 1995 when it first started globalising. But all this success has not been a smooth ride for MTV when it first decided to globalize in 1987 through MTV Europe. Mtv has been a trend setter since its launch in the US. The main target audience for MTV has been the youth segment. From 1987- 1994 it adopted a GLOBAL STANDARDIZATION STRATEGY and targeted this segment with age group <35 years. In 1987 it piped a single feed across Europe which entirely composed of American programming with English speaking Veejays. The locals couldn’t connect with the Veejays and language proved to be a barrier. MTV didn’t take into account the CULTURAL SPECIFICITY and hence this strategy didn’t prove to be a success as the taste among the viewers in Europe...
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