7 WONDERS OF THE WORLD
AIM: Is to apprise the house about 7 Wonders of The World. SEQUENCE:
* Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
* New Seven Wonders of the World
* Ongoing Seven wonders of the Nature
HISTORY: The origin of the idea of Seven Wonders of the World dates back to Herodotus (484 BC – 425 BC) and Callimachus (305 BC – 240 BC), who made lists which included 7 famous place of ancient world, and from there the Idea of 7 wonders started. Only the Great Pyramid of Giza is still standing of those ancient wonders. The other six were destroyed by earthquake, fire, or other causes. New Seven Wonders of the World is a project that attempts to revive the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World concept with a list of modern wonders. A popularity poll was being led by Canadian-Swiss Bernard Weber and organized by the Swiss-based, controlled by New7Wonders Foundation, with winners announced on July 7, 2007 in Lisbon, Portugal.
Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
Great Pyramid of Giza:
* The Great Pyramid of Giza Built 2560 BC.
* The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza. This is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World that survives in the world. * It is believed the pyramid was built as a tomb for Fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu and constructed over a 20 year period concluding around 2540 BC. * The Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years. * Originally the Great Pyramid was covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface. * The Great Pyramid of Giza is the main part of a complex setting of buildings that included two mortuary temples in honor of Khufu (one close to the pyramid and one near the Nile).
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
* The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. They were built by the Chaldean king Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 BC. * He is reported to have constructed the gardens to please his sick wife, who longed for the trees and fragrant plants of her homeland Persia. * The lush Hanging Gardens are extensively documented by Greek historians such as Strabo and Diodorus Siculus. Through the ages, the location may have been confused with gardens that existed at Nimrud. * The gardens were destroyed by several earthquakes after the 2nd century BC.
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
* The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was made by the Greek sculptor Phidias, circa 432 BC on the site where it was erected in the Temple of Zeus, Olympia, Greece. * It was considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. * For six hundred years after the death of the sculptor, people from all over the civilized world travelled to view it as it was thought to be a misfortune to die without seeing this work. * The seated statue, some 12 meters (39 feet) tall, occupied the whole width of the aisle of the temple built to house it. "It seems that if Zeus were to stand up," the geographer Strabo noted early in the first century BC, "he would unroofed the temple.“ Temple of Artemis
* The Temple of Artemis also known less precisely as Temple of Diana, was a temple dedicated to Artemis completed in its most famous phase around 550 BC at Ephesus (in present-day Turkey). * Here were previous temples on its site, where evidence of a sanctuary dates as early as the Bronze Age. The whole temple was made of marble except for the roof. * The Temple of Artemis was located near the ancient city of Ephesus, about 50 km south from a modern port city of Turkey. Today the site lies on the edge of the modern town of Selçuk. * The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus was destroyed on July 21, 356 BC in an act of arson committed by Hero stratus. According to the story, his motivation was fame at any cost, thus the term herostratic fame. * A man was found to...
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