6 Nutrients Notes

Topics: Nutrition, Fat, Unsaturated fat Pages: 6 (989 words) Published: December 11, 2011
Health Related
Body Composition
Muscular Strength
Muscular Endurance

Skill Related
Reaction Time

Maximum Heart Rate
220 - Age

PE Vocabulary Chapter 4
Nutrients:substances in food that your body needs for energy, proper growth, body maintenance, and functioning. Nutrition:the study of food and how your body uses the substances in food, eating habits and how they affect your health status Culture:the shared customs, traditions, and beliefs of a particular group Carbohydrates:the starches and sugars found in food

Proteins:nutrients that help build, maintain, and repair body tissues Fats:supply a concentrated form of energy and help transport other nutrients to locations in the body where they are needed Calorie:the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram (about a quart) of water 1 degree Celsius Adipose tissue:body fat

Dietary fiber:a special subclass of complex carbohydrates that has several functions, including aiding the body in digestion Amino acids:the building blocks of proteins
Vegetarians:individuals who eliminate meat, fish, and poultry from their eating plans Saturated fatty acids:fats that come mainly from animal fats, including butter and lard, and are often solid at room temperature Trans fatty acids:fats that are formed when certain oils are processed into solids Unsaturated fatty acids:fats that are usually liquid at room temperature and come mainly from plant sources Cholesterol:fatlike substance that is produced in the liver and circulates in the blood Low density lipoprotein:a type of compound that carries cholesterol from the liver to areas of the body where it is needed High-density lipoprotein:a type of compound that picks up excess cholesterol and returns it to the liver Vitamins:micronutrients that help control body processes and help your body release energy to do work Antioxidants:substances that protect body cells, including those of the immune system Minerals:substances that the body cannot manufacture but that are needed for forming healthy bones and teeth and for regulating many vital body processes Phytonutrients:health-promoting substances found in plant foods Dietary supplements:a nonfood form of one or more nutrients Food Guide Pyramid:a visual guide to make healthful food choices Dietary Reference Intakes:daily nutrient recommendations for healthy people of both genders and different age groups Nutrition Facts panel:a thumbnail analysis of a food’s calories and nutrient content for one serving Borne illness:illness that results from consuming food contaminated with disease-causing organisms, the poisons they produce, or chemical contaminants Cross-contamination:the spreading of bacteria or other pathogens from one food into another Pre-event meal:the last full meal consumed prior to a practice session or the competitive event Ephedrine:a compound that increases the rate at which the body converts calories to energy Creatine:a supplement that increases muscle size while enhancing the body’s ability to use protein Androstenedione:a chemical agent that aids the body in its production of testosterone


Hunger vs. Appetite
Hunger is physical, your body actually needs it
Appetite is psychological, saying “I have lost my appetite” still means your body needs the food, but you tell yourself that you are not hungry.

Proteins:make up every cell in your body
More than 50% of your body weight
1 gram of protein = 4 Calories
Affect mental development
Helps with tissue
Excess protein:the body will store it as fat
Complete Protein: Contains all the essential amino acids
Incomplete Protein:From plant sources that do not contain all the essential amino acids Grains (Pastas, corn)
Legumes (Dried beans, peas, lentils)
Nuts and seeds...
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