5. Sanzhar Naizabekov Final Draft - 2011-12

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Negative impact of social networking sites on academic performance of students (Research Project, Final draft)

Sanzhar Naizabekov
Student number: 201102481

Tutor: Dustin Hosseini
Date of submission: 20 April 2012
Word count: 2712

Nazarbayev University, Centre for Preparatory Studies

Table of Contents

Introduction…………………………………………………………………………....2

The Quick Rise in Popularity of SNS…………………………………………….2

Aims and Structure of the Paper……………………………………………….….3

Problems related to the Extensive Usage of SNS………………………………….....3

The Idea of Multitasking…………………………………………………………...3

Procrastination-related problems………………………………………………….5

Motivational problems……………………………………………………………...7

Comparison with Other Studies……………………………………………………9

Recommendations for Overcoming These Problems…………………………………9

Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………11

Reflective Component…………………………………………………………………..13

Reference List...…………………………………………………………………………14

Introduction
The Quick Rise in Popularity of SNS
Many countries gained open access to the Internet due to rapid advances in information technology within last twenty years (Ishfag & Tehmina, 2011, p. 5022). In fact, the World Wide Web, originally created in 1990 for US military forces, has become not only an effective instrument for the management of US army, but later a convenient tool that is used by civilians for communication, entertainment, and learning purposes (ibid). One of the most popular and recognized platforms used on the Internet are social networking sites (SNS hereafter) such as MySpace and Facebook. SNS can be defined as

web-based services that allow individuals to construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, and view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the system (Boyd & Ellyson, 2007, para. 4).

The quick rise in popularity of SNS began in the second half of the last decade partly because of their extensive usage by school and university students (Kirschner & Karpinski, 2010, p.1239). For example, a significant number (approximately 73%) of Internet-using teenagers have joined SNS by the end of 2009, with almost half of them (38%) visiting SNS daily (Lekhart et al., 2010, p. 3; Berglas et al., 2011, p. 40). Furthermore, Kirschner and Karpinski (2010, p. 1238) claim that students tend to participate in such website activities while doing their homework so that it may have negative effect on their academic achievements by interrupting them from the learning process. Therefore, it is becoming difficult to ignore the fact that there might be a direct correlation between SNS usage and student academic performance shown at schools and universities. Since the problem is relatively new, several attempts have been made for an idea of answering this question. Aims and Structure of the Paper

The main objective of this paper is to evaluate the degree of the negative impact of SNS extensive usage on academic performance of students as well as propose several solutions to them. The first section of this essay will look at the multitasking phenomenon and its possibility of affecting students’ concentration. Then, it will go onto a discussion of procrastination-related problems that might be caused by the extensive usage of SNS. After that, the paper will examine motivational problems that might appear as an adverse result of SNS usage. Finally, some recommendations for overcoming these problems will be discussed.

Problems related to the Extensive Usage of SNS
The Idea of Multitasking
Basically, students could perform different types of actions whilst visiting SNS including texting, instant messaging, playing games and searching information online. For instance, a significant amount of Facebook users...
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