Products of substitute is low.
Except fixed line phone there is limited number of substitutes. The substitutions is created through additional functions and features. The most recent substitutes are the notebooks but even these products do not have the same finality than phones.
New entrants have low influence.
It is difficult to enter this market because competitors must constantly innovate, launch new products, develop additional features at the best quality possible, increase production capacity, levels of services and at low prices in order to survive. Thus this market requires huge capital investment in R&D and manufacturing costs for instance.
Moreover, distribution network is important in this market, it is very hard but strategic to create alliance with mobile operators.
Economies of scale are crucial in order to face high fixed costs. Differentiation but also brand recognition is required to sell on this market because buyers have high power.
Supplier power of bargaining is moderate.
There is limited number of supplier because most of the companies like Research in Motion are designing, manufacturing and programming all the devices themselves. However there are numerous hardware and software suppliers.
Competitors have a high power.
There are many equally balanced competitors.
Moreover, there is a limited differentiation between the products offered but competitors differentiate themselves through...