The Five Ages Of Tourism |
Introduction: The 5 Ages of Tourism
In our current era, travel requires nothing more than a computer and a couple hundred dollars in the bank. Anyone can simply get on a computer and buy a ticket for the next day to go anywhere in the world he or she wants. Travel has never been faster or more convenient as it is today, and that convenience is what leads to tourism. Tourism is the largest industry in the world when all of its subgroups are combined; it is difficult to come up with one definition for tourism, but it can be looked at as: The commercial organization and operation of vacations and visits to places of interest, or as listed by the World Tourism Organization: a person traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes. Both these definitions for the most part capture the essence of tourism. Throughout history there have been a lot of developments that led up to what we can call “modern tourism”. The most definitive developments have been split up on to five ages called The Five Ages of Hospitality. These ages consist of: The Pre-Industrial Revolution, The Railway Age, The Automobile Age, The Jet Aircraft Age, and the Cruise ship Age. It is difficult to pinpoint the beginning of travel but it is assumed that since the beginning of humanity people were traveling. All travel that took place before any type of engine was invented can be classified as The Preindustrial Age. As early as 312 A.D. Romans built a 100mile road the Bay of Naples because it was a common place for them to visit. The fact that the Romans traveled 100 miles away from home for leisure qualifies them as tourists. This kind of traveling was common from the 1st- 12th centuries. Even though Islam and other religions were born prior to 700C.E., religious pilgrimages to Mecca, and Rome did not really start till the early 1,200. When this started Inns began to develop to feed and shelter the travelers. Around the same time Marco Polo was also accommodate by early Inns as he created trade routes from Europe to China. When horse drawn-carriages were prevalent in England posthouses were established to take care of the horses, and travelers. Even in the Pre-industrial Age the ground work for the upcoming tourism industry can be seen. The next age of hospitality is the Rail Way Age ; Wagon ways were being used in Germany as early as 1550. These primitive railed roads were made with wooden rails over which horse-drawn wagons or carts moved with greater ease than over dirt roads. In the 1770 Iron replaced the wooden rains, and by 1804 with the invention of the high-pressure steam engine platforms were placed on 4 wheels designed to run along track and carried 9 metric tons. In the 1830s the first passenger rail road, The Canterbury and Whitstable Railway opened in Kent England. The development of the train played a major role in the expansion of several countries in the world, most especially America. Rail way made it possible for goods to travel in a timely manner across the country, and for people to move anywhere with much less difficulty. The same hospitality mindset that was seen in the Pre-Industrial Age was also in the Rail Way Age. Hotels and restaurants were built close to rail road stations for incoming passenger s. In the early 1900s the train popularity declined due to the automobiles invention, and the great depression. Shortly after the Train invention a new more private and convenient way to travel was invented: the automobile. Though tens of scientists contributed to the making of the modern automobile, Nicolaus August Otto is given the most credit for creating the four-stoke internal combustion engine. Several other engineers Karl Benz, Gottlieb Daimler perfected and customized Otto’s design, got patents, and started manufacturing cars through the rest of the...