“The Philosopher, indeed, and the man of the world differ in their very notion, but the methods, by which they are respectively formed, are pretty much the same” (53). Through this quote, Newman says that all men have a duty to society. He says despite the philosopher and gentleman studying different subjects, they both want to fulfill their duties to society: to receive “...that of training good members of society” (53). A university education will enable the man to fulfill this duty.
“It is the education which gives a man a clear conscious view of his own options and judgments, a truth developing them as eloquence in expressing them, and a force in urging them” (54). This quote connects to Newman’s writing in Part I. In order to develop one's own personal views and ideas, the he must be exposed to a wide variety of subjects (the so-called “liberal education”). The university will provide such an education for the student. The university offers the opportunity for the student to learn a wide range of ideas and create their own judgments and views. The school then teaches the students how to voice these opinions coherently and with certainty with facts to support them.
My translation of this quotation is: “university education is the large, common way to a awesome but common (or uniform) end.” Universities train society to support the common ideas of the time. Newman stating that the university education “purif[ies] the national taste” and “support[s] true principles to popular enthusiasm” show that Newman believes universities would create uniform, liberal arts thought. The word choice of “purify” and “popular” show this uniformity. There would be less disagreements between beliefs in society—for example between the Catholics and the university students—as mentioned in part one. [continues]
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