3 Branches of Government in the Philippines

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 1564
  • Published : February 10, 2011
Open Document
Text Preview
ONGOCO

BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT OFFICE (Philippines)

EXECUTIVELEGISLATIVEJUDICIARY
a.CompositionPresident (1)
Vice President (1)
Cabinet MembersSenators (24)
House of Representatives (250)
PartylistsSupreme Court (1 Chief Justice; 14 Assoc. Justice) Inferior Court
b.QualificationsPresident/ Vice President
Natural-born citizen
Registered voter
Able to read and write
At least 40 years old on the day of election
Resident of the Philippines for at least 10 years immediately preceding the electionSenators •Natural-born citizen
At least 35 years old
Able to read and write
A registered voter
A resident of the Philippines for not less than 2years immediately preceding the day of election

District Representatives
Natural-born citizen
At least 25 years old
Able to read and write
A registered voter in the district in which he shall be elected •A resident of the Philippines for a period of not less than 1 year immediately preceding the day of electionMembers Of The Supreme Court •Natural-born citizen

At least 40 years old
Have been for 15 years or more a judge of a lower court or engaged in the practice of law in the Philippines •A person of proven competence, integrity, probity and independence

Members Of The Lower Court
Natural-born citizen
Member of the Philippine Bar
Possessing the other qualifications prescribed by Congress •Must be a person of proven competence, integrity, probity, and independence Judges Of The Lower Courts:
Citizens of the Philippines
Members of the Philippine Bar
Possessing other qualifications prescribed by Congress
Person of proven competence, integrity, probity, and independence c. Term of Office6-year term of office
President shall not be eligible for any reelection; except if he/she has served for less than 4 years of his/her term •No vice president shall serve for more than 2 successive termsSenate •6-year term

Shall not serve for more than two consecutive terms

Members of the House of Representatives
3-year term
Shall not serve for more than 3 consecutive termsShall hold office during good behavior until they reach the age of 70 years or become incapacitated to discharge duties of their office •Judges of the lower courts shall be dismissed by the Supreme Court as disciplinary action •Supreme Court judges may be removed ONLY by impeachment

d.Annual SalaryPresident’s salary: P1,039,500
Vice President: P759,600- P998,512Senate: P727,650- P864,918.00 Congress: P630,000Chief Justice: P554,400
SC Associate Justice: P480,000
Lower Court (municipal): P300,000
e.Monthly SalaryPresident’s salary: P86,625
Vice President: P69,300- P82,376Senate: P60,637.50 - P472,076.50 Congress: P52,500Chief Justice: P46,200
SC Associate Justice: P40,000
Lower Court (municipal): P25,000
f.Powers (4)a.Military Powers (Sec 18 Art VII)
The President shall be commander-in-chief of all armed forces of the Philippines; whenever necessary, he may call out such armed forces to prevent or suppress lawless violence, invasion, or rebellion for a period of not exceeding 60 days as well as suspending the writ of habeas corpus or placing the state under martial law.

b.Pardoning Power (Sec 19 Art VII)
Except in cases of impeachment, the President may grant reprieves, commutations, and pardons, and remit fines and forfeitures, after conviction by final judgment.

c.Borrowing Power (Sec 20 Art VII)
The President may contract or guarantee foreign loans on behalf of the Republic of the Philippines with the prior concurrence of the Monetary Board, and subject to such limitations as may be provided by law.

d.Informing Power (Sec 23 Art VII)
The President shall address the Congress at the opening of its regular session. He may also appear before it at any other time.
a.Power to Legislate (Sec 1 Art VI)
The power to propose, enact, amend, and repeal laws....
tracking img