3.1 Identify the characteristics of different types of child abuse
Abuse means any of the following acts which seriously endanger the physical, mental, or emotional health and safety of the child: The infliction, attempted infliction, or as a result of inadequate supervision, the allowance of the infliction or attempted infliction of physical or mental injury upon the child by a parent or caretaker. The exploitation or overwork of a child by a parent or caretaker. The involvement of the child in any sexual act with a parent or caretaker, or the aiding or toleration by the parent or the caretaker of the child’s sexual involvement with any other person or of the child’s involvement in pornographic displays, or any other involvement of a child in sexual activity constituting a crime under the laws of this state. Abuse is a sensitive subject. When studying the issues surrounding abuse you may feel anxious, both personally and about your role and responsibilities in the school. [pic] [pic]
Different Types of child abuse
Child abuse and neglect occurs when a child is mistreated, resulting in injury or risk of harm. There are several major types of abuse:
Physical abuse is non-accidental physical trauma or injury inflicted by a parent or caretaker on a child. It also includes a parent's or a caretaker's failure to protect a child from another person who perpetrated physical abuse on a child. In its most severe form, physical abuse is likely to cause great bodily harm or death.
This may take the form of:
Bruising- from being slapped, punched, shaken or squeezed
Cuts- scratches, bite marks, a torn frenulum (the web of skin inside the upper lip)
Fractures- skull and limb fractures from being thrown against hard objects
Burns and scalds- from cigarettes, irons, baths and kettles.
Emotional abuse can be the most difficult to identify because there are usually no outward signs of the abuse. Emotional abuse happens when yelling and anger go too far or when parents constantly criticize, threaten, or dismiss kids or teens until their self-esteem and feelings of self-worth are damaged. Emotional abuse can hurt and cause damage just as physical abuse does.
However, signs of emotional abuse include:
Withdrawn behaviour- child may not join in with others or appear to be having fun
Attention- seeking behaviour
Low self-esteem and confidence
Stammering and stuttering
Tantrums beyond the expected age
Telling lies and even stealing
Neglect occurs when a child or teen doesn't have adequate food, housing, clothes, medical care, or supervision. Physical neglect arise when the adult fails to give their child what they need to develop physically. They often leave children alone and unattended. Signs of physical neglect include:
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Being underweight or overweight for their age and not thriving
Unwashed clothes, which are often dirty and smelly
Poor skin tone, dull, matted hair and bad breath; a baby may have a persistent rash from infrequent nappy changing
Being constantly tired, hungry and listless or lacking in energy
Frequent health problems, and prone to accidents
Low self-esteem and ineffective social relationships- delay in all areas of development is likely because of lack of stimulation.
Sexual abuse includes penetration or external touching of a child's intimate parts, oral sex with a child, indecent exposure or any other sexual act performed in a child's presence for sexual gratification, sexual use of a child for prostitution, and the manufacturing of child pornography. Child sexual abuse is also the wilful failure of the parent or the child's caretaker to make a reasonable effort to stop child sexual abuse by...