3.1 Describe How to Manage an Infant and a Child with Foreign Bodies in Their Eyes, Ears and Nose.

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3.1 Describe how to manage an infant and a child with foreign bodies in their eyes, ears and nose.

Children having foreign bodies in their eyes, ears and noses are common things you will see this a lot if you were to work in a minor injuries unit or in a walk in centre. There are several things that can gets stuck in any of these places crayons, glitter and beads. Beads fit into the ears and noses incredibly well, its almost like they are asking for it to happen. When things get stuck up a child's nose or ears, unless there is enough sticking out to get a firm grip on E.g. a crayon, and gently ease it out don't touch it as the result will be it becoming further stuck in. In times like these you simply need to call the first aider of take the child to the nearest walk in centre or the minor injuries unit for it to be removed. It may only be a simple procedure but it still needs to be done professionally as if anything goes wrong it can usually be treated there and then. Most children will manage to get foreign bodies in their eyes, things such as: Paint

Dust
Sand
Eye lashes
Fluff
Glitter

These sorts of things can be easily removed though by:
Sit the child down and put on a pair of disposable gloves. Gently pull down the lower eyelid and any visible foreign body removed with either a clean wet piece of tissue or a small piece of wet gauze swab. Yet if this fails to works pull the upper eyelid over the lower lid ad try to flush it out with tears. If it still remains in the eye try to wash the eye with water by: Positioning the child's head over the sink or bowl with their eye open, facing the bottom of the sink or bowl. Using a plastic cup try to pour water on the eye from the tear duct outwards.

If none of this works and the eye is still red and the child still says it is painful then go to the nearest place and seek professional help.

3.2 Describe how to recognise and manage common eye injuries.

If the eye itself or the thin layer covering the eye is damaged or has been penetrated this can cause severe injuries to the eye. Some of the things that can cause these types of injuries include: Chemical substances

Sports related injuries
Toys
Finger nails
Any sharp object including things like a tree branch.

Look out for anything you see or hear from the child:
Problems with the child's vision
Any sensitivity to light
The child may complain of pain when moving their eye
Any signs of blood in the eye
The child mentions any numbness
If the child cannot physically open their eye on their own

If anything like these occur then urgent medical treatment is needed quickly to prevent further damage to the eye and to get this injury treated as quickly as possible.

4.1 Describe how to recognise and manage chronic medical conditions including: Sickle cell anaemia
Diabetes
Asthma.

If a child has a chronic medical condition it is important to always be prepared and keep a look out for any sudden signs of life threatening symptoms and to understand when to get professional or expert help. Adults and older children will be more aware of the condition and they would be able to tell you what they are feeling and understand why they are feeling this but for infants and children they do not fully understand. There are many different types of chronic health conditions but there are more common ones that you will come into contact with are asthma, sickle cell anaemia and diabetes.

Asthma - Asthma is caused when the airways in the lungs close up and become smaller. When this happens the lungs fails to release the used carbon and take in fresh oxygen this result in difficulty respire properly. Usually when this happens you can hear the child wheezing or clutching their chest when breathing in and out. There are several things that can bring on an asthma attack it can be caused by; exercising, very cold air, pollen,...
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