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Urbanization and Chicana/o Communities
Nicole L Perez
Oregon State University

Abstract
In this paper I want to discuss how urbanization has affected the Chicana/o population. More specifically focusing on the formation of barrios and Barrioization, and how they have come to be towns within American cities. I also want to touch base on how living in barrios some believe has created a closer bond between the nuclear and extended family. It has been shown in studies that within barrios it is not uncommon to spend a large portion of your time visiting your own families living within the same barrio. Last but not least I want to highlight how the barrio La Sonorita has lasted the tests of time, society and economic growth in Phoenix, Arizona. This is unusual because many of the barrios in Phoenix have overtaken because of the expansion of the Sky Harbor Airport and Arizona State University.

Urbanization and Chicana/o Communities
For the Chicana/o population urbanization dates back to the mid-19th century after the Mexican War of 1848 when the U.S. took control of the conquered territories(Camarillo, 1984, p. 3). What is urbanization I think it is best defined as the population movement from a rural to urban area (Sociology Guide, 2011). Sociology Guide’s (2011) explanation of urbanization also states the following: Urbanization is a two-way process because it involves not only movement from village to cities and change from agricultural occupation to business, trade, service and profession but it also involves change in the migrants attitudes, beliefs, values and behavior patterns. Once the U.S. took over the lands quickly became segregated within the birth of the next generation. The Pueblos Chicana/os lived in were not taken over or torn down they transitioned into barrios. A barrio is a segregated portion of town designated for Chicana/os. Essentially it is a town within a city.

The process of turning pueblos to barrios became known as...
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