20th Century Theatre

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20th Century Theatre
Stanislavski and Realism
1.Who are the main playwrights of the realist period?
The main playwrights of the realist period included Henri Ibsen, Swede August Strindberg, George Bernard Shaw, J.M. Synge, Sean O’Casey and Anton Chekhov. 2.Write two paragraphs about Stanislavski “The man”.

Stanislavski was a young, ambitious actor who thriving to change the old, melodramatic style of acting in the Russian theatre. He founded the Moscow Art theatre in 1898 with the aim of making the theatre more real and believable. Therefore, Stanislavski insisted that everything that happened on stage must appear to be realistic, so that the audience would be sitting and watching everyday life going on in that room without the people in it being aware of them. Stanislavski’s production on ‘The Seagull’ by Anton Chekhov was a major success and became world-famous, the beginning of a revolution in theatre. In 1889 Stanislavski married Lilina, who became a great actress in Moscow art theatre. In 1906, Stanislavski began to develop a system for training actors and in 1913 he set up the first studio. For the rest of his life, Stanislavski continued to work on his system for training actors as part of his total involved in theatre. In 1924 he published an autobiography called ‘My life in art’ in London. He suffered a heart attack whilst acting in Chekhov’s play and was forced to spend the rest of his life on only concentrating on directing, teaching and writing, producing three books describing his training and techniques for actors. He died in Moscow on 7 August 1938, leaving a strong influence to theatre today. 3.Stanislavski’s system is often referred to as “the method”. What was the aim of this system? Stanislavski’s aim is to train actors to be truly creative people, and the techniques he discovered through observation come naturally only to a real genius. He wanted to make sure that the actors believed everything that was happening on stage. They...
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