20th Century Movements

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In this essay you will read about different legislations and movements that happened during the 20th century that in some way formed to build the juvenile justice program that is used today throughout the United States of America. In the past juveniles were treated and sentenced like adults. It didn’t matter what their age was or what crime they had committed. Everyone was treated equally and sentenced accordingly. After the juvenile justice system was created, government officials noticed that they weren’t doing what the system was actually created for. The children’s needs and best interest was often overlooked. With over crowded court docks and no time to listen to each individual case a lot of delinquents were often just thrown into a stereotypical crowd and forgotten about. They didn’t get the protection or help that they were entitled to. The first movement that I am going to talk about is the Federal Juvenile Delinquency Act, it was passed in 1938. (Criminal Resource Manual)The main purpose of this act was to keep adults criminals apart from juvenile delinquents. Under most circumstances juveniles weren’t supposed to be sentenced for a term that exceeded their 21st birthday. This act gave the Attorney General the ability to make it his decision to prosecute a juvenile as an adult or as a juvenile depending on the crime that was committed, except for those that have committed a crime that would fall under the death penalty or life in prison. The second movement I am going to talk about is the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (Major Acts of Congress). It was created because of the raising rates of the failing practice of rehabilitation. Anyone that would fall in this act would have to be under the age of 18, and a juvenile delinquent. This Act granted states and local governments with resources to assist with the planning, establishing, operating, coordinating, and evaluating projects to help with education, training, research, prevention,...
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