It may be necessary to adapt the way you communicate when the person you are communication with use's English as a second language, has hearing impairment/deaf, medical problems, special educational needs, a disability, poor vision or blind. When you are communication with a child with special educational needs it is important to use the following, speak clearly
slow your speech if necessary
use visual aids such as pictures/flashcards
use sign language if necessary
maintain good eye contact and positive body language
use facial expressions and hand gestures.
Someone who is deaf or has hearing impairment be sure to face the person when speaking, speak slowly or you may need to use sign language, avoid using facial expressions e.g. a frown as this could upset them and make them think that something is wrong.
Children or young people with autism can find it easier to understand the world around them through visual aids. Teachers may use visual timetables showing the times and simple drawings of the activities they will be doing, so the child or young person will know exactly what they are doing.
When talking to a child or young person who has poor vision or blindness, you should address the visually impaired child using their name when talking to them, if a child has some useful vision you should sit them at the front of the class therefore they will be able to see you easier and the board. Don't be afraid to ask what an object looks likes this with give you a clearer indication of what the child or young person can see.
Someone who does not speak english well you will need to speak slowly, may need to explain more than once using different words, translations or visual aids.