According to Source A, the public health risk highlighted is second hand smoke (SHS). In the picture, since the smokers, who are the parents, are smoking in the public area, thus lead to the people around them, who are their children, unavoidably inhale the SHS. They look very bitter and they have to wear masks to avoid the SHS. Thus, lead to poor respiratory health of both smokers and the surrounding people and increase the risk of getting respiratory disease, which add burden to the medical system in Hong Kong. Therefore, to sum up, the public health risk highlighted is second hand smoke (SHS).
2c.Which two tobacco control policies shown in Source B might be more effective in dealing with the public health risk highlighted in Source A in Hong Kong? Explain your answer with reference to the sources and your own knowledge. (10 marks)
With reference to the sources and my prior knowledge, anti-smoking campaigns promoted through the mass media and taxation on the purchase of cigarettes are the two tobacco control policies that might be more effective in dealing with the public health risk highlighted in Source A in Hong Kong.
There are three criteria that determining the effectiveness of a policy, namely correspondence, profoundness and comprehensiveness. For correspondence, it is about how well the policy tackles the root problem. For profoundness, it is about how the policy raises awareness. For comprehensiveness, it is about how many stakeholders the policy cover.
For the anti-smoking campaigns promoted through the mass media, it is more effective in Hong Kong since in the long term, it can enhance the profoundness as it can raise the awareness of the general public about the harmful effects of smoking. Also, it can tackle the root problem of the public health risk, which is the lack of understanding of the harmfulness of smoking and in turn do...