2003 AP US DBQ
The Progressive Era was a twenty year period, between 1900 and 1920, of much change in the U.S. Many Americans would begin to stand up for what they believed was right. This would lead to a number of reforms to help improve American life. Laws passed under Presidents Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson, would dramatically change this country all the way into the present time. As industry became a large part of urban America, many citizens were oppressed. Unfair and unsanitary conditions would lead to multiple reforms concerning the actions of large corporations. Along with businesses’ unfair treatment of workers, was the ongoing mistreatment of African Americans. Eventually, by the end of the Era many laws were passed to end the corruption that was beginning to form.
As factories began to take over cities, more and more men, women, and children rushed to get jobs. However, as seen in Document C, not all factories were the best environment, especially for children. As stated in the document, these jobs were counter-productive to the healthy growth of children under the age of sixteen. As stated in Document B, the conditions in many factories were quite unsanitary and often led to disease not just for the workers, but also for the consumers of the product. Document B also mentions the poor treatment of the meat which led to much danger to consumer’s health. Factories were also a dangerous environment. For example, it was very easy for a machine worker to lose fingers and sometimes even limbs. These conditions, along with long unfair hours would prove to be too much for workers and often led to strikes. As more and more of these horrors became exposed by the “muckraker” journalists at the time, the federal government would start to intervene and put a stop to the poor treatment of employees.
Along with the mistreatment of workers there was also the mistreatment of immigrants and African Americans. As Europeans fled to the northeastern cities, many...
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