2:3 Research the following theories of development; explain how the theories and frameworks influence current practice. Theories of development are:
1. Cognitive (e.g. Piaget).
2. Psychoanalytic (e.g. Freud).
3. Humanist (e.g. Maslow).
4. Social learning ( e.g. Bandura).
5. Operant conditioning (e.g. skinner).
6. Behaviourist (e.g. Watson).
Frameworks to support development are:
1. Social pedagogy.
Theories of development are very important as these theories and frameworks can heavily influence current practice and help us to understand the complexities of children’s behaviours their reactions and can also help us figure out different and new ways of learning. Starting with the constructivist approach (piaget). Piaget worked on intelligence testing and during this period he realised that children would consistently give wrong answers to certain questions so he began to consider and review why this was. He used his own children in the testing and his theory was often referred to as a constructivist approach as he suggested children constructed thoughts according to the experiences around them. Piaget’s beliefs helped people understand why children’s thinking is sometimes different from our own. The belief was seen to be that as the children develops so does there way of thinking. Piaget’s work has been seen to influence hands on approach to teaching children and also to create a specific teaching plan for an individual child dependent on their way of thinking and learning. This is something that Priors Court School does engage in their approach to teaching the children we look after. Freud’s theory was one of personality / psychoanalytic, Freud is famous for his psychosexual theory of development which is used to explain unconscious thoughts or actions. Freud’s theories suggested that there were three parts that made up our personality. The “id” the “ego” and the “super-ego”. The id is the instinctive part of a child’s personality, this is said to...
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