2.1 Identify the Signs and Symptoms of Common Childhood Illnessess

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Please find signs and symptoms of the following childhood illnesses and treatment. Please type into the box and it will expand.

Symptoms of a common cold 

Cold symptoms usually begin with a sore throat, which usually goes away after a day or two. Nasal symptoms, runny nose, and congestion follow, along with a cough by the fourth and fifth days. Fever is uncommon in adults, but a slight fever is possible. Children are more likely to have a fever with a cold.

With cold symptoms, your nose teems with watery nasal secretions for the first few days. Later, these become thicker and darker. Dark mucus is natural and does not usually mean you have developed a bacterial infection, such as a sinus infection.

Several hundred different viruses may cause your cold symptoms.

Symptoms of a viral infection

Symptoms of viral infection vary depending on the specific type of virus causing infection, the area of the body that is infected, the age and health history of the patient, and other factors. The symptoms of viral diseases can affect almost any area of the body or body system. Symptoms of viral infections can include:

Flu-like symptoms (fatigue, fever, sore throat, headache, cough, aches and pains)

Gastrointestinal disturbances, such as diarrhea, nausea and vomiting


Malaise (general ill feeling)



Stuffy nose, nasal congestion, runny nose, or postnasal drip

Swollen lymph nodes

Swollen tonsils

Unexplained weight loss

In infants, signs of a viral disease can also include:

Bulging of the soft spot on the top of the head

Difficulty with feeding

Excessive crying or fussiness

Excessive sleepiness

The symptoms of influenza (flu) appear suddenly and often include:

Fever of 100°F (37.8°C) to 104°F (40°C), which can reach 106°F (41°C) when symptoms first develop. Fever is usually continuous, but it may come and go. Fever may be lower in older adults than in children and younger adults. When fever is high, other symptoms usually are more severe.

Body aches and muscle pain (often severe), commonly in the back, arms, or legs.


Pain when you move your eyes.

Fatigue, a general feeling of sickness (malaise), and loss of appetite.

A dry cough, runny nose, and dry or sore throat. You may not notice these during the first few days of the illness when other symptoms are more severe. As your fever goes away, these symptoms may become more evident.

Influenza usually does not cause symptoms in the stomach or intestines, such as vomiting and diarrhea.

Symptoms of chickenpox 

The most commonly recognised chickenpox symptom is a red rash that can cover the entire body.

However, even before the rash appears, you or your child may have some mild flu-like symptoms, including:

feeling sick

a high temperature (fever) of 38ºC (100.4ºF) or over

aching, painful muscles


generally feeling unwell

loss of appetite

These flu-like symptoms, especially the fever, tend to be worse in adults than in children.

Chickenpox spots

Soon after the flu-like symptoms, an itchy rash appears. Some children and adults may only have a few spots, but others are covered from head to toe.

The spots normally appear in clusters and tend to be:

behind the ears

on the face

over the scalp

under the arms

on the chest and stomach

on the arms and legs

But the spots can be anywhere on the body, even inside the ears and mouth, on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet and inside the nappy area.

Although the rash starts as small, itchy red spots, after about 12-14 hours the spots develop a blister on top and become intensely itchy.

After a day or two, the fluid in the blisters gets cloudy and they begin to dry out and crust over.

After one to two weeks, the crusting skin will fall off naturally....
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