2.0 Factors That Influence Individual Ethics

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1.0Introduction………………………………………………………………………..2 2.0Factors that influence individual ethics……………………........………………3 2.1Family influences………………………………………………….…….…3
2.2Peer influences………..……………………………………………….…...4-5
2.3Situational factors…………….………………………………………...…..6 3.0How the rule law can be used as guide to moral choice ………………………7 4.0Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………8 5.0References…………………………………………………………………….…..9

1.0Introduction
According to Ho, J. A., et al. (2012), it stated that ethics can generally be defined as the principles of morally acceptable conduct of individuals. What makes a person to be ethical and unethical? The factors that define ethical behaviours are diverse, but all factors unite when a person makes a final decision on how to act. The factors that influence an individual ethics can be categorised to five points which are family influences, peer influences, situational factors, life experiences, personal values and morals. Although the reasons are variety, but there are easy to be understand. Below are the details of the three factors which are family influence, peer influence, and situational factors that influence an individual ethical behaviours and how the rule law can be used as guide to moral choice.

What is the use of ethics? Ethics need to affect the way an individual behave if the ethical theories are to be useful in practice. A lot of people always behave irrationally. Although they are thinking should take a moral action, they still will follow their “gut instinct”. According to an article found in BBC, it stated that some philosophers think that ethics does do this. They argue that if a person realizes that it would be morally good to do something then it would be irrational for that person not to do it. However, ethics does provide good tools for thinking about moral issues.

2.0Factors that influence individual ethics
2.1Family influences
The ethical behaviors of an individual are starting to form since their childhood period. This is because children will response to their perception of their parents' behaviors since childhood stage. Therefore, parents play an important role to demonstrate ethical boundaries for their children. They are typically the first to voice and instill a strong sense of right and wrong in their children. Take an example, when the child see his family members comply to high ethical standards like being truthful, the child will more likely to adopt a high standards of ethical.

How the factors influence individual ethics
A parent is the one who build a foundation for their children's personal ethics. For an example, when my parents tell me and my siblings that lying is wrong, we will be honest and not dare to lie when communicate with anyone else. Therefore, parents behave has a strong impact as well. •Besides that, the children will absorb the actions of their family members. This will contributes heavily to their sense of morality. Through my experience, some of the parents will send their children late for school and this will cause their children do not practice punctual when they grow up later. Thus, the children are likely to develop a lower ethical standard if their family members are engaging in unethical behaviors and allow their children to do the same. •For instance, when my nine years old cousin being polite to the elders, their parents will give them some rewards for conforming. In other way, when they are not being polite or rude to the younger, their parents will punish them for not conforming to these high ethical behaviors. My cousin will practice to be polite to everyone no matter younger or older than him.

2.2Peer influences
An individual especially teenagers need to have a caring parents which always care about their matter like what is happening in school, knowing who is their friends and also care about their feeling on time to time....
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