19th Century Advancements

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s): 106
  • Published: July 22, 2013
Read full document
Text Preview
The use of technology has address the way we live. This change became known in the 19th century which was an era of great changes on evolution. Most importantly the 19th century was a time of development in fields on mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology that lay the ground work for the technological advances of the 20th century. The 19th century also brought the era of industrialization. Which started in Great Britain and later distributed around the world. In this essay I will explain the advancement in science, technology and commercial culture that the 19th century have discovered and it have made a difference in our daily life. The discoveries found in the 19th century by Ferninand J. Cohn (1828-1898), Joseph Lister (1827-1912) and Hungarian Ignaz Semmelweis (1818-1865) were essential to the evolution of science. Cohn a German botanist was able to discover microscopic plant named bacteria who suggested that were the cause of many bacteria in the era. Followed by Chon discovery was Joseph Lister who was a Scottish surgeon that created an antiseptic that help fight bacterial infections. Hungarian Ignaz Semmelweis who died of a wound infection during an operation was able to recognize that childhood fever was cause by germs carried from patient to patient since doctors were not clean enough to wash their hands and instruments. Semmelweis medical profession findings were not accepted long before his dead but are today’s most valuable doctor’s protocol. These medical discoveries began to have an immediate impact on the lives of people when industrialization was a growing business since the government found themselves in a business to keep things clean. To fight this matter Great Britain passed laws in 1875 requiring local authorities to maintain underground conduit for carrying off waste water and refuse, to forbid new building or housing without toilet in them, and outlaw selling food color. Science evolve so rapidly in the 19th century that by 1895 a physicist Wilhelm Rontgen (1845-1923) who suddenly discovered a strange ray he detected while sending electric current through a glass tube which was later named “X-ray”. Rontgen was later given a Nobel Prize in physics for this brilliant discovery. Thank to this four gentlemen and their great discoveries in the 19th century we have cleaner hospital, houses and public places. We also have bacteria medicine that cures any type of bacteria in our bodies. Besides this great bacteria advancement we also have the “X-ray” which is use by all the doctor in some point in their medical legacy. With the “X-ray” we are able to notice when a bone is broken in our body.

Science was not the only things that was going on in the 19th century there was a great evolution in technology as well. Since industrialization was a growing business, sailing ships used to take weeks to transport goods from a location to another. When technology evolve ships were steam-engine- powered ships that only took days to get things across. Ships were good to transport things from coast to coast but trains were excellent to transport things from land to land in the same country. They were fast and transported fresh good quickly instead of horses that tuck days to deliver the fresh goods. The telegraph in 1844 that was followed by the telephone in 1876 and the wireless telephones in 1895 not leaving behind the radio and the television. The television transmitted news that happened around the world. Thomas Edison (1847-1931) a self- taught former telegraph operator who held over a thousand patent was responsible for a diverse change as the lighting of cities, the phonograph in 1877 and the motion of pictures on 1896. One of the most worldwide technological creation that today work as a great transportation tool was the New York’s first subway line on October 27, 1904 known at that time as the Interboro Rapid Transit that are today known as the 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 lines. This lines were...
tracking img