22 March 2013
Barbara Tuchman stated that “Books are the carriers of civilization. Without books, history is silent, literature dumb, science crippled, thought and speculation at a standstill.” Barbara Tuchman much like George Orwell saw literature as a gateway to our past and a prediction of our future. In George Orwell’s dystopian novel, 1984 Oceania is portrayed through the eyes of Winston Smith. Winston describes Oceania as a totalitarian government in which he is a member of the Outer Party. 1984 is George Orwell’s vision of a future England. Orwell’s inspiration of 1984 was created by the use of propaganda and fear Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin’s used to suppress their people. The use of propaganda by the government of Oceania is mirrored to the use of propaganda in the Second World War. In 1984 the Ingsoc is the English socialist party in control. The Ingsoc uses its powers in the Ministry of Truth to control the press, entertainment, education and the arts. Hitler used the same control over the media and arts to express his ideas of extreme nationalism and racisms. 1984 referenced the manipulation of education with O’Brien stating “Who controls the past controls the future; that controls the present controls the past,” (Orwell, 248). The party uses this control of history to fool the people of Oceania that things are better than they were. This deception gives the people short memories so they believe everything they are told. The use of youth organizations is also a prevalent action of the Ingsoc. The Junior-Anti Sex League is similar to the Nazi version of the Hitler Youth and the Soviet’s Young Pioneer Organization. The idea of these organizations is to involve nationalistic feeling in the youth of the nation. The United States today even uses the Boy Scouts of America as a youth group to promote patriotism. The use of propaganda inflicts some voluntary cooperation among the people of Oceania while the use of fear forces cooperation, but if the...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document