One of the books element that can be compared to todays society is the telescreen. The telescreens in 1984 were everywhere and never turned off. It Picked up everything you did in your apartment. It even picked any noise you made. It was Winstons fear of being over heard or seen.
Surveillance is frightening to some people. Most of the palces we go to is full of camera's. There is cameras in the mall, schools, and even on the streets ATM machine. Phone lines are also a way of spying on you. It is also east to tap a phone call. Mostly everytime you call a store or a bussiness your phone call is being recorded. The excuse that they make is that your phone call is being monitered for your protection.
If televisions in todays society had a chip that is called the "V Chip", The government would be able to control what you watch on your televison. The chip does actually exsist in todays world. Even without the chip the govenment could still control all the media on televison.
A computer called the "The Pentium III" by Intel is able to note everywhere you go online in order to get feedback of what people like to see in the internet. The govenment tracks what people do and see on daily basis. A lot of people have a Easy-Pass. This keeps track of how many times you go through a bridge. Who knows if they could track it by satelite.