1984 concluded with Winston fully submitting to the will of Big Brother, having no second thoughts about it and surrendered truly loving Big Brother. This ending is not what anyone wanted, but it was what was needed. It was most definitely effective because brought together all of the themes and philosophical notions that were woven into the novel. It left the reader pondering not just the book’s relevance to today’s world, but tomorrow’s as well.
The most important theme that the ending surmised was rebellion. 1984 holds a rarified perspective on oppression, for it proposed the idea of a society where rebellion isn’t oppressed or even crushed, it is entirely eliminated. Opposition is not forced into the mold of Big Brother; Big Brother convinces the opposition to conform themselves to it instead. This demonstrates the heightened dangers of totalitarian governments in our ever advancing species. All of the oppressive regimes so far have failed, and failed because of one thing: thought. They conducted brain washings and attempted to induce mindless fervor, but they fell apart sooner or later because eventually someone will dare to think differently, and with this opposition will always arise sooner or later. This means that no totalitarian government will last for long, but 1984 presents a scenario where such a government could last—and last forever. Big Brother controls the thoughts and minds of the people, using pain and time to convince all of their opponents to ultimately join them. Orwell’s purpose in all of this was to educate us of the new dangers of oppression and how it must be prevented at all costs because oppression will be able to last forever. It will only take one government like Big Brother taking over for a short time to establish such roots and mind control, from which we would never be able to free ourselves.
The ending also showcases the power of fear and pain. When being tortured, O’Brien tells...