1984 Dialectical Journals and Quotes Explained

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Dialectical Journals: 1989 By: George Orwell

"War is peace, freedom is slavery, ignorance is strength" pg. 14 They are the Party slogans, and are written in big letters on the white pyramid of the Ministry of Truth.

"Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past." The people controlling the present control everything and can ultimately change the past and, therefore; the future. Big brother controls the present. The slogan is an example of the Party's technique of using false history to deteriorate the psychological independence of its people.

"Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two make four." This quote adds to the motif/ theme about psychological freedom and independence.

"In the end the Party would announce that two and two made five, and you would have to believe it. It was inevitable that they should make that claim sooner or later: the logic of their position demanded it. Not merely the validity of experience, but the very existence of external reality was tacitly denied by their philosophy." AND "If both the past and the external world exist only in the mind, and if the mind itself is controllable—what then?" Motif- again pointing back to the theme of psychological freedom At the end, Winston writes in the dust the 2 +2= 5. It seems that he believes this which means that the citizens of Oceania are all under the mind control of the Party.

"And when memory failed and written records were falsified—when that happened, the claim of the Party to have improved the conditions of human life had got to be accepted, because there did not exist, and never again could exist, any standard against which it could be tested." Book 1 Ch. VIII Without having a reference or a past with which to compare standards, for all they know, they are getting more rations. This quote emphasizes how one understands of the past affects one's attitude about the present

"And perhaps you might pretend, afterwards, that it was only a trick and that you just said it to make them stop and didn't really mean it. But that isn't true. At the time when it happens you do mean it. You think there's no other way of saving yourself and you're quite ready to save yourself that way. You want it to happen to the other person. You don't give a damn what they suffer. All you care about is yourself." Book 3 Ch.VI Theme of physical pain controls mental actions. When one faces physical pain all they care about is not facing it. No moral belief or emotional attachment is strong enough to withstand torture and physical pain. Physical pain and fear will always cause people to betray their beliefs if doing so will end their physical pain

"Behind Winston's back the voice from the telescreen was still babbling away about pig iron and the over fulfillment of the Ninth Three-Year Plan. The telescreen received and transmitted simultaneously." Pg.2 AND "Winston made for the stairs. It was no use trying the lift. Even at the best of times it was seldom working, and at present the electric current was cut off during daylight hours." Theme of technology and how totalitarian governments use it to their advantage. They Party obviously has money- or at least enough for the telescreens. They can't spare enough for the party members, like Winston, though.

"The Ministry of Plenty oversees economic shortages, the Ministry of Peace wages war, the Ministry of Truth conducts propaganda and historical revisionism, and the Ministry of Love is the center of the Party's operations of torture and punishment." Motif of "doublethink" (the ability to hold two contradictory ideas in one's mind at the same time) As the Party's mind-control techniques break down an individual's ability for independent thought, it becomes possible for that individual to believe anything that the Party tells them, even while knowing things the oppose what they are being told. At the Hate Week rally, for example, the Party changes it's...
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