1984: WAR IS PEACE; FREEDOM IS SLAVERY; IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH Introduction
"Political language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind.”, George Orwell. Orwell’s dystopian novel, Nineteen Eighty-Four, projects the distress of a tyranny. Plato presented a developmentally regime in descending order of virtue where Democracy is in the fourth place and Tyranny is the last . Democracy can be defined as a state which is ruled by the people; example is the Philippines which is a republican, democratic country as stated in the article II section 1 of the Philippine constitution . On the other hand, Tyranny is the exercise of power beyond right and making use of the power not for the good of the people in a state but for the ruler’s own private and separate advantages. Tyranny, from the root word tyrant, can be defined as an oppressive and cruel government to which the people’s rights were denied. There are countries which successfully changed their type of government, but the question is how? What do people need to do in order to prevent oppression?
In the book Nineteen Eighty-Four, the world is divided into three super states: Oceania, Eastasia, and Eurasia which happens to have the same type of government. Oceania has three social levels: the upper-class called the Inner Party which consists 2% of the population, the middle-class or the Outer Party which is almost 13% of the whole population and the lower-class called the Proles or workers and servants. The goal of the upper-class is to stay at the top and the middle-class’ is to overthrow and replace the upper-class while the lower-class remains on their place. Proles, which consists 85% of the population, was prohibited by the Party to be educated because literate members of the state are aware, and awareness may lead to revolution, and revolution is equal to democracy, and democracy is equal to the demolition of the caste...
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