1973 Endangered Species Act Research Topic

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Research Topic 2 – 1973 Endangered Species Act (ESA)

Date: April 4, 2013

Background Statement:

The Endangered Species Act of 1973 provides a program for the conservation of threatened and endangered plants and animals and the habitats in which they are found and deals with the perseveration of wildlife which is threatened with extinction. The U.S Fish and Wildlife services is the government agency entrusted with the enforcement of it provision. Also ensure that actions they authorize, fund, or carry out are not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of any listed species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of designated critical habitat of such species. The law also prohibits any action that causes a taking of any listed species of endangered fish or wildlife. The Endangered Species Act was enacted by Congress in 1973. Under the ESA, the federal government has the responsibility to protect endangered species that are likely to become extinct throughout all or a large portion of their range and threatened species that are likely to become endangered in the near future. The Endangered Species Act has lists of protected plant and animal species both nationally and worldwide. As of October 2009, 1,361 plants and animals in the United States were listed as threatened or endangered.

1973 ESA pros
* Ecosystem preservation
* Environmental enhancement
* Aesthetic value
* Has been successful in bringing a number of species from the brink of extinction. 1973 ESA cons
* Politics
* Economics
* Sometimes large sums of money are spent saving that are so rare that the replenished species doesn’t have the genetic variability to be viable on its own. * The fact that the true power of the ESA is mid-leading often creates a back-lash against it by those who do not understand it.

Discussion:

The ESA did have some recognizable successes despite lengthy legal battles which in turn have used up funds that were...
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