1970s Reform

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The 1970s birthed a series of social and political movements. The opposition to the War in Vietnam that began in the 1960s grew a lot during the early 1970s. One of the best-known anti-war demonstrations was the Kent State shootings. In which national guard soldiers fired upon rioting students at the university. This event caused mistrust and shock throughout the country and became an example of anti-Vietnam demonstrations. Environmentalism also grew big in the seventies on April 22 1970 the United States celebrated its first Earth Day in which over two thousand colleges and universities and roughly ten thousand primary and secondary schools joined in. Feminism and Civil rights grew strong in the 70s, which both grew for the need of equality among everyone else in the United States. The Vietnam War was a war that lasted 20 years and ended in 1975 when Saigon fell, it was a war between communists and anti communists. United States President Richard Nixon resigned as President in 1974 while facing charges for impeachment for the Watergate scandal. Roe v. Wade is the historic Supreme Court decision overturning a Texas interpretation of abortion law and making abortion legal in the United States. In the 1970s there was a trial that led to be one of the most important trials in history, the Roe v. Wade decision held that a woman, with her doctor, could choose abortion in earlier months of pregnancy without restriction, and with restrictions in later months, based on the right to privacy. The decline of membership and influence of Mainline Protestant denominations continued in the 1970s. Conservatives charged that these groups had lost their fire, and consequently their membership, to more committed groups. Perhaps more people left the Mainline organizations for new modes of worship or because organized religion had lost its importance to them. The 1970s were perhaps the worst decade of most industrialized countries' economic performance since the Great Depression....
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