1800-1900 Europe

Topics: Social class, Industrial Revolution, Age of Enlightenment Pages: 4 (1063 words) Published: May 15, 2013
Essays

1.. The claimed divine right to rule by the British and French was overlooked by popular sovereignty, which changed the government and social order in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The Enlightenment challenged this “divine right” and made the monarchy responsible for the people. In France and America the people were being heavily taxed and revolutions started taking place.

In these countries and time periods the people were fighting for freedom of worship and freedom of expression. For so long the Church and government worked together the force of an imperial rule and people started to ask why. The demand for political and social equality was enforced in the Enlightenment. In France, the National Assembly formed by the third state in 1789 demanded a written constitution for popular sovereignty. When the monarch king and the first state declined this proclamation the French revolution broke out. Unfortunately only the temporarily rule of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity was enforced until the classic ruling of a monarchy was taken place by Napoleon Bonaparte.

The American Revolution influenced this French revolution and the ideas of the Enlightenment. In England, a monarchy rule was highly taxing the American colonies that were fast developing. The people in the colonies got tired of being taxed and having no say or vote in what the decisions are made in England. The American revolution starting with many protests such as the Boston Tea Party and the Acts such as the Stamp and Sugar act. The British eventually gave up and the declaration of Independence was signed in 1776.

These two powerful ruling societies have been powerhouses in the world for centuries. For most of the time the rule has been the same and hierarchical monarchies stayed present until questions were not be answered when a new liberal thinking came to be. The social order changed in that the lower classes have more of a say in government. (traditions and...
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