Great Social Thinkers
1752 1755 1757 1758 1761 1769 1774 1775 1784 1785 1791 1792 1794 1796 1799 * Benjamin Franklin invents the lightening rod. * Samuel Johnson publishes the first English language dictionary * John Campbell invents the sextant. * Dolland invents a chromatic lens. * John Harrison invents the navigational clock or marine chronometer for measuring longitude. * James Watt invents an improved steam engine. * Georges Louis Lesage patents the electric telegraph. * Alexander Cummings invents the flush toilet. * Jacques Perrier invents a steamship. * Andrew Meikle invents the threshing machine. * Joseph Bramah invents the safety lock. * Edmund Cartwright invents the power loom. * Claude Berthollet invents chemical bleaching. * John Barber invents the gas turbine. * Early bicycles invented in Scotland. * William Murdoch invents gas lighting. * Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin. * Philip Vaughan invents ball bearings. * Edward Jenner creates a smallpox vaccination. * Alessandro Volta invents the battery. http://inventors.about.com/
British history in India
• In 1757, on account of the British victory at Plassey, where a military force led by Robert Clive defeated the forces of the Nawab of Bengal, Siraj-ud-daulah, the East India Company found itself transformed from an association of traders to rulers exercising political sovereignty over a largely unknown land and people. Less than ten years later, in 1765, the Company acquired the Diwani of Bengal, or the right to collect revenues on behalf of the Mughal Emperor, in Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa. The consolidation of British rule after the initial military victories fell to Warren Hastings, who did much to dispense with the fiction that the Mughal Emperor was still the sovereign to whom the Company was responsible. Hastings also set about to make the British more acquainted with Indian history, culture, and social customs; but upon his return to England, he would be impeached for high crimes and misdemeanors. In the 1840s and 1850s, under the governer-generalship of Dalhousie and then Canning, more territories were absorbed into British India, either on the grounds that the native rulers were corrupt, inept, and notoriously indifferent about the welfare of their subjects, or that since the native ruler had failed to produce a biological male heir to the throne, the territory was bound to "lapse" into British India upon the death of the ruler. Such was the fate of Sambalpur (1849), Baghat (1850), Jhansi (1853), Nagpur (1854), and -most tragically -- Awadh (1856) h/p://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/southasia/History/Bri:sh/BrIndia.html
Significant events 1750-1789
1754 Anglo-French war begins in North America. 1756-63 Seven Years' War. 1757 Clive captures India from the French. 1758 first threshing machine. 1763 Treaty of Paris ends the Seven Years' War. France cedes Canada and the Mississippi Valley to Britain. 1773 Boston Tea Party. 1774 Priestly isolates oxygen. Accession of Louis XVI of France. Watt's first efficient steam engine. American colonies declare their independence.
1775 American Revolution begins. 1776 Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations. 1778 1781 1783 1787 1789
Rousseau and Voltaire die. Cornwallis surrenders to Washington at Yorktown, Va. Peace treaty signed in Paris between Great Britain and the United States. Warren Hastings impeached. Bastille falls; French Revolution begins. Bentham, Introduction to the Principles of Morals (see utilitarianism). http://www.victorianweb.org/
French Revolution and Reign of Terror
The French Revolution began in 1789 with the meeting of the States...