During the 16th century most of England and Europe was at war. This lead to the development of new and improved weaponry. The quick development of weapons at that time period is still a trademark in time. This time period is known as the Renaissance or rebirth on the battlefield.
In the 16th century guns were starting to be used in warfare. At first the guns were lit by a slow match. When the slow match hit the gunpowder it would ignite. In the early 16th century the wheelock was invented. It was a metal wheel which spun against a piece or iron pyrites generating sparks that ignited the gunpowder. This caused cavalry to stop using Lances. The traditional English weapon was the longbow but handguns were increasingly used. The longbow slowly went out of use during the 16th century.
The Mace was probably the most deadliest weapon of this time. It was a simple weapon it used a heavy head on the end of a handle to deliver powerful and deadly attacks. The mace is sort of like a hammer, except instead of the power being directed to a single point, the mace is designed to deliver equal amount of power from any side of the head. This weapon can be made from different materials such as; many different types of wood, metal- reinforced, or metal shaft, with a head made of stone, copper, bronze, iron or steel. Foot soldiers used maces that were 2 or 3 feet long. Maces used by cavalry men were much longer and better designed for attack from horseback.
The sword was the most commonly used weapon of the knight during the Middle Ages.The swords had a blade ranging from 32" to more than 72" In length. Knights used swords in battle because they were very light. In weight they were ranging from 3-5 pounds. The first metal swords were made of bronze, but later they were crafted of iron.
So in conclusion different weapons have their advantages...