14th Amendment

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____________

IN THE

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES

Spring TERM 2013
___________

Francis Lake, Petitioner, v.

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent. ________________

On Writ of Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourteenth Circuit ________________ BRIEF FOR PETITIONER ________________

TEAM IDENTIFICATION: CA

Team Letter: CA
Attorneys for Petitioner

Table of Contents

Question Presented.......................................... iii Table of Authorities........................................ iv Statement of Jurisdiction................................... 1 Statement of the Case ....................................... 2 Statement of the Facts...................................... 2 Summary of the Argument...................................... 10 Standard of Review .......................................... 12 Argument ................................................. 12

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TEAM IDENTIFICATION: CA

QUESTIONS PRESENTED 1. Whether the Compliance Order issued under the Clean Water Act violated Mr. Lake’s due process rights under the Fifth Amendment. 2. Whether the Environmental Protection Agency violated the Eminent Domain clause of the Fifth Amendment of the United States Constitution. 3. Whether the Defense of Marriage Act is federal action encroaching on an area traditionally occupied by the states and thus unconstitutional under the 10th and 14th Amendments.

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TEAM IDENTIFICATION: CA

Table of Authorities Cases 545 U.S. 515 Am. Civil Liberties Union Found. v. U.S. Dept. of Justice, 833 F. Supp. 399 (S.D.N.Y. 1993)……………………………………………………………………. 20 30

Andrus v. Allard, 444 U.S. 51 (1979)…………………………………………………………………… 18 Armstrong v. Manzo, 380 U.S. 545,(1965)…………………………………………………. 7, 8

Bd. of Regents of State Colleges v. Roth, 408 U.S. 564 (1972)… 11 Bowers v. Hardwick, 478 U.S. 186, 106 S. Ct. 2841, 92 L. Ed. 2d 140 (1986)………………. 30 Commonwealth Edison Co. v. United States, 46 Fed. Cl. 29 (Fed. Cl. 2000)……………………………………………………………………………… 18 Connolly v. Pension Ben. Guar. Corp., 475 U.S. 211 (1986)…………… 15 Goldberg v. Kelly,397 U.S. 254 (1970)…………………………………………………………………… 9 Golinski v. U.S. Office of Pers. Mgmt., 824 F. Supp. 2d 968 (N.D. Cal. 2012)………………………………………………………………… 29 Hawaii Hous. Auth. v. Midkiff, 467 U.S. 229 (1984)……………………………… 19 In re Balas, 449 B.R. 567 (Bankr. C.D. Cal. 2011)………………………………… 24 Kelo v. City of New London, 545 U.S. 508 (2005)…………………………………… 19

Keystone Bituminous Coal Ass'n v. DeBenedictis, 480 U.S. 470 (1987)………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17 Kirby Forest Indus., Inc. v. United States, 467 U.S. 1 (1984)… 20 Lands Council, 537 F.3d 987, 989 (9th Cir. Idaho,2008)…………………… 4 Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558, 123 S. Ct. 2472, 156 L. Ed. 2d 508 (2003)……………… 30 Lucas v. S. Carolina Coastal Council, 505 U.S. 1003(1992)…………… 16

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TEAM IDENTIFICATION: CA

Massachusetts v. U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services, 698 F. Supp. 2d 234 (D. Mass. 2010)……………………………………………………… 22, 23 Mathews v. Eldridge, 424 U.S. 319 (1976)……………………………… 4, 5, 10, 11 Mathews v. Lucas, 427 U.S. 495(1976)…………………………………………………………………… 26 Mullane v. Cent. Hanover Bank & Trust Co., 339 U.S. 306,(1950………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5, 6, 7 Pennsylvania Coal Co. v. Mahon, 260 U.S. 393,(1922)…………………………. 15 Rapanos v. United States, 547 U.S. 715(2006)…………………………………… 12, 13 Romer v. Evans, 517 U.S. 620 (1996)……………………………………………………………………. 25 Rowland v. Mad River Local Sch. Dist., Montgomery County, Ohio, 470 U.S. 1009,(1985)…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 28 Schroeder v. City of New York, 371 U.S. 208,(1962)………………………………… 5 Schweiker v. Wilson, 450 U.S. 221,(1981)………………………………………………………… 26 Thomas v. Sullivan, 922 F.2d 132 (2d Cir. 1990)……………………………………… 25 U. S. Dept. of Agric. v. Moreno, 413 U.S. 528,(1973)………………………… 25 United States v. Miller, 317 U.S. 369,(1943)…………………………………… 20, 21 United States v. Norwood, 602 F.3d 830 (7th Cir. 2010)…………………… 20...
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