13th Amendment Annotated Bibliography

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Joseph Cruz
3/22/2012
Annotated Bibliography: 13th Amendment
The genre of “Saving the Right to Organize” would be an article. This would be a secondary source because it is an article, and it refines the primary source. The topic of this source would be that it focuses on the 13th Amendment replacing the Wagner Act on labor movements in the U.S. Percentage of U.S. workers who were unionized in 1953. A good thesis from this source would be Mark Dudzic’s words, “Articulating [worker] right[s] solely as an individual [human] right leads to its ''balancing'' with other rights .. .for example. . . the “"free speech rights"” of employers.” This thesis shows that workers that had rights as an individual led to the balancing of other rights. This being said, the 13th Amendment not only abolished slavery, but it led to other rights being created for them.

In this source I think there are only two main points. One important point from this source would be the hardships people faced by joining the unions. African Americans in the past already put up with being labor workers to an actual human owner, and with this people are having to put up with being fired illegally and not being able to have their own freedom. Another important topic would be how the article brings up how unique the 13th Amendment really is. The article reads, “It is the only extant constitutional amendment that goes beyond the regulation and limitation of government duties and power to place a positive responsibility upon government to eliminate a system of labor. Its forthright language makes it ill-suited for balancing its purpose with property rights or freedom of contracts. It applies to everyone everywhere, so artificial distinctions based on occupation or sectors do not apply.” This shows that the 13th Amendments purpose is to serve not only African Americans, but everyone.

Biases in this article would be the organizations that were against Labor Laws. Big businesses did not want to be caught illegally firing workers so they fought for themselves to survive in the world of big business. People that supported the labor freedom they deserved would be the workers, of course. The people that lost jobs wanted the freedom that they already had. They did not want for another “slavery” to be happening. The 13th Amendment substituted the Wagner Act and brought up that everyone is free from slavery, not just African Americans.

This source is credible because it allows the reader to see that the 13th Amendment is very unique and applies to more places than they think, especially labor. This source can relate to conflict because people such as big business owners did not want to die in the survival of the fittest in the big business world. This being, workers that protested lost jobs which led to more conflict. Negotiation would be the bringing up of the 13th Amendment and reminding people that it applies to every single individual no matter what. Resolution comes into play whenever the conflict is solved to let people be free in the work area and have their rights. In "Lincoln and the 13th Amendment", the genre of this would be an article. It would be considered an article and even a secondary source. It is a secondary source because it is an interpretation of the primary source; the primary source being the 13th Amendment. The topic of this article is how the 13th Amendment was the representative of a new beginning of a new constitutional order in the United States. It targets how much impact the 13th Amendment really had. Even relating to the fact that it could end some wars. A good thesis from this article would be, "Nonetheless, the Thirteenth Amendment has enormous symbolic significance as an official declaration that one major cause for fighting the war was gone forever." This shows that the amendment not only abolished slavery, but it also brought about the other important events in this time, such as the Emancipation Proclamation. Three main...
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