12 Angry Men Organizational Change
In the movie, “12 Angry Men”, we see that organizational change affected the jurors greatly throughout the movie. In respect to the movie, organizational change means the change of the environment for the people within it. Thus, we see a change in the environment as the movie progresses in the storyline. Transaction Cost Theory and Resistance to Change explains the juror atmosphere of being so certain in judging the accused as "guilty" to shifting this belief to "not guilty.” In the beginning of the movie, the 11 of the 12 jurors have no “reasonable doubt” that the accused was guilty. This generated much disdain when 1 out of the 12 jurors had a very slight “reasonable doubt” in the accused. That one juror will have to convince his peers that there is a possibility of “reasonable doubt” that the crime was done by the accused. This is the premise of the movie that will be analyzed in this paper. Throughout the paper, we will also be able to conclude that the relationship of transaction cost and resistance to change are often times linked together in many situations that occur when changes exist. Furthermore, I will be utilizing a video clip from the "Big Bang Theory" pilot episode (Lorre). This video clip describes Sheldon, a tenant of the apartment room, finding Penny, a next door neighbor and love interest of his roommate Leonard, sitting in his spot on the couch. Sheldon begins to explain how and why it is his spot. Penny could not see why Sheldon could not sit anywhere else in the room. Leonard, Sheldon's roommate, clearly does not want Penny to leave, and insists that Sheldon find a new spot to sit in. Sheldon, with much reluctance, analyzes each spot to sit in and eventually decides to sit next to Penny. Sheldon feigns his like of the new spot when clearly he does not. This scenario will be a supplementary example to illustrate Transaction Cost Theory and Resistance to Change as it these aspects are discussed in the movie. The definition of Resistance to Change is essentially the resistance to the adoption of change. Individuals may go through phases in resistance and there are categories to class each phase. The four categories are Active resistance, Passive resistance, Compliance and Enthusiastic support. Active resistance involves an individual vocally resistance to even sabotage of the change. Passive resistance may include individuals who do not like the resistance, but do not voice their opinions of it. Individuals who go along with the change, but do not show support falls under Compliance. The last category is the polar opposite of Active Resistance, this is called Enthusiastic support. An individual will find themselves supporting the change vocally and may be an advocate for change and its adoption. The definition of Transaction Cost Theory is an economic exchange between two “parties” (Cheung). These “parties” described in the definition could be between two people or a person and an organization. There is a value in the exchange, intangible or tangible, to the parties involved. This can be something like love or as simple as a video game. For love, a parson will sacrifice anything they value less than love to keep the love of that person close to them. Once that love loses value, a person will prioritize other things above it. Instead of going out to dinner with that person he/she loves, they may choose to spend time with friends or family instead due to that now having more value in that moment. For this movie, we hold to the assumption that the majority, if not all, of the jurors wanted to be finished with their juror duties as quickly as possible. So in terms of Transaction Cost Theory, this influenced their decision to deem the accused as guilty. Their time was more valuable to them than determining the facts that indicated a possibility of the accused innocence. We see this with a few individual behaviors that illustrated where time...
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