12 Angry Men is a good example of group and individual behavior. It clearly illustrates the pressure of conformity and groupthink. A group can be defined as two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent, who come together to achieve a particular objective. In the movie 12 Jurors come together with the sole obligation of concluding if the young man was guilty of murdering his father or not, beyond reasonable doubt.
This group of 12 men who did not know each other walked into the room to discuss this case, showed the first sign of groupthink, as they had already formed the perception of unanimity. Through the movie the group dynamics are on show with both the groupthink and group shift phenomena, the influencing and role play that form the structure of Group beautifully displayed.
Analysis of the movie
From the very beginning the group dynamics get into play, in the beginning of the movie, when they walk into the room, some of them, Juror 12, Juror 7, Juror 3 and Juror 8 try to make small talk, introduce themselves, and begin to learn a little about one another. During this stage in the movie, jurors discuss the view, old buildings, hot weather colds, and some even share what they do for a living. One juror shares about his Beck and Call messenger company – the first stage of group development begins.
At the start all the 12 men are clueless as to how to begin the task. It is only when the foreman takes on his tasks, he takes on the role gets the room organized by asking all to take seat and start the proceedings. He then explains the role of each, as 12 votes are required and re iterates that it needs to be a unanimous decision. He takes the lead and asks for a show of hands. The eleven to one vote identifies the problem – normally in a public forum people shy from non conformity. This leads to sneers from other jurors – we atleast know where we stand or we need to convince him (views or influencing behavior by asserting...