10th Five Year Plan

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The Approach Paper to the Tenth Five Year Plan aims at stepping up the growth rate of GDP to eight percent per annum over the Plan period 2002-2007. It also proposes to establish specific monitorable targets covering economic, social and environmental dimensions of human development. These include targets on reduction in poverty ratio, access to primary education, raising literacy rate, decline in infant mortality rate and maternal mortality rate, raising employment growth rate, improving coverage of villages in terms of access to potable drinking water, reducing gender gaps in literacy and wage rates, cleaning of major polluted river stretches, increase in forest cover and reducing the decadal population growth rate. The Tenth Plan envisages a State wise break up of growth and other monitorable targets to build up requisite focus for reducing regional disparities in social and economic attainments. It proposes to integrate growth with equity and social justice. This would involve making agriculture development a core element of the Plan. It involves bringing about rapid growth in sectors with high quality employment opportunities. It also envisages restructuring of targeted programmes, emphasising cross sectoral synergies, for special groups. The underlying strategy for the attainment of Plan targets is contingent on our ability to increase investment rate in the economy to 30-32 percent, increase the productivity of existing capital assets, undertaking second generation policy reforms with a view to improving the efficiency of new investment; and devise instrumentalities to facilitate and encourage a deepening and broadening of the agenda for reforms across the States.

“The Tenth Five Year Plan (2002-2007) is to be launched on 1.4.2002. The Approach paper to the Tenth Plan was approved by the NDC on 1-9-2001. The Approach paper envisages stepping up the growth rate of Gross Domestic Product to 8 per cent per annum over the Plan period. It has also established specific monitorable targets covering economic, social and environmental dimensions of development. These include :

Monitorable Targets For The Tenth Plan And Beyond

•Reduction of poverty ratio by 5 percentage points by 2007 and by 15 percentage points by 2012; • Providing gainful high-quality employment to the addition to the labour force over the Tenth Plan period; • All children in school by 2003; all children to complete 5 years of schooling by 2007; • Reduction of gender gaps in literacy and wage rates by at least 50% by 2007. • Reduction in the decadal rate of population growth between 2001 and 2011 to 16.2%; • Increase in Literacy rate to 75% within the Plan period; • Reduction of Infant mortality rate (IMR) to 45 per 1000 live births by 2007 and to 28 by 2012; • Reduction of Maternal mortality ratio (MMR) to 2 per 1000 live births by 2007 and to 1 by 2012. • Increase in forest and tree cover to 25% by 2007 and 33% by 2012. • All villages to have sustained access to potable drinking water within the Plan period; • Cleaning of major polluted rivers by 2007 and other notified stretches by 2012.

The Approach Paper to the Plan also envisages making agricultural development as its core element of the Plan, encouraging rapid growth in sectors with high employment opportunities and a restructuring of target programmes to emphasise cross-sectoral synergies for special groups. The Plan places critical responsibility on the Panchayati Raj Institutions, particularly with regard to improving delivery mechanism for poverty alleviation schemes and also improving accountability at the local level in the public provisioning of education and health services. It recognises the serious gaps that are emerging in infrastructure, particularly in power, railways and public investment in irrigation. The 8% growth rate in the Tenth Plan will require an investment level of 32.6% of GDP. This will be financed through increase in domestic savings to 29.8% of GDP...
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