1 Understand the Expected Pattern of Development for Children and Young People from Birth-19 Yrs

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The aspects of child development overlap with one another so it is important that each child is unique and will develop in their own way. Aspects of development include physical, communication and language, intellectual/cognitive, social, emotional and behavioural, and moral. These categories can then be broken down in to certain age ranges.

Physical development
This is an important area of a child’s overall development. The process of development can often be assumed to take place automatically with age.

0-3 years - This is a period of fast physical development. When babies are born they have very little control over their bodies and movements are series of reflexes. At 6 months babies begin to be able to sit up and by 12 months, most babies will have developed forms of mobility such as crawling. Most of my own children were all walking by this stage. ln their second year, babies will continue to grow and develop quickly and will start to use their hands for pointing, holding small objects and even start feed themselves. Stairs or furniture can be an interesting place for babies to climb. In their third year, children will start to have more control over crayons, and will enjoy looking at pages in books. Speech will be starting to be more varied.

3- 7 years - At this stage children will be able to carry out more co-ordinated movements and They will be mastering skills developed so far and have more control over fine motor skills such as cutting, writing and drawing. Activities like, running, hopping and jumping will be second nature.

12–16 years – At this stage they will be a lot stronger. Whilst most girls will have completed puberty boys will just be starting. They will be a great range in height and size with boys mainly being taller at the end of this stage.

16–19 years – At this stage children are classed as you adults. Girls will have finished physical development but boys will continue into their 20’s.
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