1. in No More Than 1200 Words, Examine (a) the Key Features of Carer-Infant Relationship During Infancy and (B) the Importance of Such a Relationship to the Development of the Child During Infancy and Beyond.

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Carer-infant relationship during infancy is very important to a child .As it is possible that the child may encounter long-term negative effect if the relationship between carer and infant is not intimacy. So, parents relationship has great influence to the child’s development and behavior in life.

According to Bowlby’s viewpoint, he suggested attachment theory. Bowlby described the concept of attachment as a "lasting psychological connectedness between human beings" (Bowlby, 1969,p.194).It means because of the social and emotional needs, children have to develop a strong affectional relationship with at least one caregiver that persists across time and space otherwise it will cause long-term imperfect psychological and communicative function. In addition, Bowlby believed that attachment helps to survive. The propensity to make strong emotional bonds to particular individuals is a basic component of human nature (Bowlby, 1988,p.3).Baby will induce attributes such as appearances, body shape, behaviors to attract other people’s attention and approach of others. If the baby was born with disgusting appearance, no one likes to approach the baby.

There are three types of attachment. First is secure attachment to carer .The carer will be sensitive, responsive, consistent and positive caring. In a Strange Situation Test, when the mother was around of the child, the child can explore the environment freely and interact with strangers. However, when the child was separated from his mother, the child may show distressed and cry for a while but could then stop. When the mother came back, the child will feel happy and soon close to the mother sought to appease. The internal working model of this type of attachment would be positive. The child feels he was worthy of being loved and his mother would return. His feeling relating to his mothers and others would be positive.

As adolescence, those who are securely attached are confident. They usually have high self...
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