1.2 Critically Review Approaches to Person Centred Practice

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There are four main approaches to person centred practice, “Pathway” planning, “Maps” planning, “Person centred portfolios” (otherwise known as “Essential Lifestyle Planning”) and “Personal Future Planning.” Discussion will prove that “ each shares characteristics that explicitly emphasise the personal empowerment of service users, in which the principal direction for support generates from those for whom planning is being carried out.”(Langley, 2001) However the use different formats means that each approach focuses on different aspects and my comparison will note strengths and weaknesses, and how they are designed for implementation in different scenarios of person centred practice and planning. The earliest and most rudimentary approach to person centred planning is “Personal Futures Planning” or “PFP.” This approach is comprised of picturing what a meaningful community life for the person being supported would look like to them and writing it down on a simple grid. (See example below) Insert picture

This grid is used as the basis on which to search for opportunities the person can take to integrate with, and contribute to the community, leading to a” valued social role” (Sanderson and Lewis 2012) It gathers information into different categories, (such as the person’s relationships, favourite places, gifts and capacities). This simple structure is beneficial in keeping information and support to a minimum, simply identifying a “window for change.” (Sanderson and Lewis 2012) as patterns and oppurtunities become obvious from the layout. This in turn simplifies the process of identifying the support needed as the person’s gifts and capacities are clearly marked, which reduces the risk of under or over-supporting the person, both of which would hinder progress. For example, someone (Person A) who has moved to a new community identifies that they would like to be part of a local sports team or club but is unsure of how to do so .The layout of the information...
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