1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth-19years.
Emotional & social development 0-19 years
Emotional development is the expected growth pattern of a child’s ability to feel and express an increasing range of emotions. Social and behavioural development is the expected growth pattern of a child’s ability to relate to others around them.
Birth – 3 years
At this stage baby’s cry to communicate their needs, they solely depend upon their parents carers for their needs to be met. Babies will smile at faces they recognise of trusted carers/ parents, but show reservations of unknown adults: by around 6 months old. At this age they respond to games of peek-a-boo, and reach out for familiar faces and wish to be picked up/ held etc and communicate with mum and dad through babbling. By 1 year a child will be able to distinguish varying members within its family and act socially with them. At this stage a child will know its own name, obey simple instructions. By 18-months- 2 years a child’s social & emotional development has come a long way, they will show empathy to an upset/ sibling/ family member and try to console them. They will show frustration or have tantrums if their needs are not met, but on the other side of the coin are capable of being loving and responsive. By 3 years old a child will have gained a certain amount of physical and emotional control, they will feel secure when left away from main carer, they are able to interpret situations and behave accordingly. They have the ability to now share and take turns, and use language to express themselves rather than communication through tantrums and physical outbursts.
By the age of 4 most children will have started school/nursery and meet a variety of new people. They are now capable of being very sociable and play within groups of children; they will also... [continues]
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