Emotional & social development 0-19 years
Emotional development is the expected growth pattern of a child’s ability to feel and express an increasing range of emotions. Social and behavioural development is the expected growth pattern of a child’s ability to relate to others around them. Birth – 3 years
At this stage baby’s cry to communicate their needs, they solely depend upon their parents carers for their needs to be met. Babies will smile at faces they recognise of trusted carers/ parents, but show reservations of unknown adults: by around 6 months old. At this age they respond to games of peek-a-boo, and reach out for familiar faces and wish to be picked up/ held etc and communicate with mum and dad through babbling. By 1 year a child will be able to distinguish varying members within its family and act socially with them. At this stage a child will know its own name, obey simple instructions. By 18-months- 2 years a child’s social & emotional development has come a long way, they will show empathy to an upset/ sibling/ family member and try to console them. They will show frustration or have tantrums if their needs are not met, but on the other side of the coin are capable of being loving and responsive. By 3 years old a child will have gained a certain amount of physical and emotional control, they will feel secure when left away from main carer, they are able to interpret situations and behave accordingly. They have the ability to now share and take turns, and use language to express themselves rather than communication through tantrums and physical outbursts.
By the age of 4 most children will have started school/nursery and meet a variety of new people. They are now capable of being very sociable and play within groups of children; they will also mix well with either sex groups. They will have acquired a degree of independence but still turn to carer for comfort when hurt/tired/ill. By the age of 5 most children will confidently task to most people, and show good overall control of emotions at this stage of
Development a child will prefer to play rivalry games instead of team games, and want to win showing a desire to excel. By the age of 6 a child will show signs of independence from their family/ parents and their peer groups become increasingly significant to them. 8-12 Years
By this development stage a child may be more aware of themselves and the world round them. They may become very aware of the groups they socialise in and a need to be wanted/ liked/accepted by a group is deemed most important. By the age of 10 a child may be much more independent and be capable of making their own decisions, and be able to express their individuality and views. At the age of 11, a child will have started secondary education, at this stage all their social skills will by put to the test with making new friends and mixing in new mixed sex friendship groups. 12-16 years
By this stage of a child’s development, they become aware of many new emotions and behavioural patterns. They may become aware of an interest of the opposite sex, also school life becomes more pressured with exams, and this can cause a sense of being overwhelmed and anxious. A teenage child will become confrontational with adults and disagree with parents views. Mood swings will appear at home, and a child may tend to spend more time with their peers, giving them a sense of belonging and understanding. 16-19 years
By the time a child/ young adult reaches the age of leaving school and starting college/ sixth form, they will show a great deal of independence from their parents they are now capable of making their own choices and are sociably and behaviourally and emotionally maturing. They will tend to go through less conflict with parents and...