There are many policies and procedures within the UK that outline the current legislation and guidelines to help with safeguarding children and young people.
The Children Act 1989
The integral part of this act is to maintain the child is at the forefront of decisions; the best option in relation to the child’s welfare will be taken into account when deciding the best course of action for the child/young person’s upbringing – creating a partnership between parents and multi-agencies.
Alongside this, the requirement of parental responsibilities is outlined e.g. their rights, duties and powers and achieved a balance between the need/welfare of the child and the right of the parent/carer.
Further to this, it gives a clear definition for what is meant by ‘harm’ in relation to safeguarding children – for example introducing abuse as ‘ill-treatment’ and how the impairment of health can also be a contributing factor to abuse. Following this, the framework of courts was restructured to ensure consistency of decisions in relation to family court proceedings.
Children’s Act 1999
The Children’s Act came into existence in the year 2000; it was to form a guideline that included a list of people deemed unsuitable to work with children and young people (e.g. paedophiles). Any person wanting to work with children/young people/vulnerable adults now has to complete an enhanced Criminal Record check (CRB). It is through databases such as the Criminal Records Bureau, that will safe-guard children and young people from contact with inappropriate adults.
Children Act 2004
As a direct response to a very serious case review involving a girl named Victoria Climbie, the government reviewed its approach to safeguarding and published a new green paper known as the Children’s Act 2004. The initial change was the introduction of the... [continues]
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